Soviet Art

USSR Culture

Soviet sculptures high spiritual pathos

Soviet sculptures high spiritual pathos. V.B. Pinchuk. Lenin in Razliv. Bronze. 1935

V.B. Pinchuk. Lenin in Razliv. Bronze. 1935. Soviet sculptures high spiritual pathos

Soviet sculptures high spiritual pathos
Traditionally, the art of sculpture in the USSR had a special socio-political significance. In fact, the formation of Soviet sculpture was inseparable from the Leninist plan of monumental propaganda. In particular, the first revolutionary monuments and commemorative plaques were created on its basis, and later many significant works of monumental sculpture. However, at first central to the sculpture was the theme of the revolution, the image of a participant in revolutionary events, the builder of socialism. Accordingly – during the Great Patriotic War – the image of the hero, the winner. And already in the post-war years in the easel sculpture a great place took the worker and collective farmer. Besides, animalistic sculpture, and sculpture of small forms was developing.
Read more »

Soviet art through one picture artists

After work. Painting by Soviet artist Konstantin Alexeyevich Shurupov (1910-1985, member of the USSR Union of artists). Soviet art through one picture artists

After work. Painting by Soviet artist Konstantin Alexeyevich Shurupov (1910-1985, member of the USSR Union of artists). Soviet art through one picture artists

Soviet art through one picture artists
As a big fan of the USSR culture, I have a wide collection of paintings by various Soviet artists. However, from thousands of my albums, alongside with prominent Soviet artists and their galleries of paintings, there are artists of one picture. Sometimes, these artists died young (WWII, or an accident) and remained known as the authors of one-two painting created by them. Or, perhaps, they are one picture artists only for me, as I was able to find only one picture of a certain artist. However, as it often happens, one picture artist may become an author of lots of paintings, and if so, I will publish a separate post about such artist. It usually happens when I come across an illustrated album of an unknown before artist somewhere in this or that library. Meanwhile, scanned from different art catalogs, books, magazines and illustrated albums, these paintings may interest those who enjoy the art of the glorious USSR. The same as I do.
In the above picture – the work by Soviet artist Konstantin Alexeyevich Shurupov (1910-1985), member of the USSR Union of artists, born in Kharkov. In 1939 he graduated from Kiev Art institute, workshop of F. Krichevsky. He painted landscapes, still lifes and genre compositions. Lived and worked in Kiev. A participant of the Second World War, awarded with orders and medals.
Read more »

Soviet graphic artist Vitaly Goryaev 1910-1982

Soviet graphic artist Vitaly Goryaev

At the crossing. Illustration by Soviet graphic artist Vitaly Goryaev. (14 April 1910 April 12, 1982)

Soviet graphic artist Vitaly Goryaev

Born 14 April 1910 in Tobolsk province, Vitaly Nikolaevich Goryaev – graphic illustrator, painter, and caricaturist. In 1921 the family moved to Chita, where he began his artistic career, publishing the first drawings in the newspaper “Transbaikalian Worker”. In 1929 he came to Moscow, where, on the advice and with the help of V.V. Mayakovsky, entered the Moscow Higher Art and Technical Institute (VKhTEIN). In 1931 he moved to the Moscow Polygraphic Institute, from which he graduated in 1934. His mentors in different years were D.S. Moore, V.A. Favorsky, A.A. Deineka and S. V. Gerasimov.
Member of the Union of Artists of the USSR (1932). Immediately after graduation, he began work as a cartoonist, and from the end of 1935 he collaborated with the magazine Crocodile, in which he served for 30 years. In the journal he worked and was friends with L.V. Soyfertis, Yu.A.Ganf, I.M. Semenov, L.G. Brodatov, etc.
Read more »

Soviet artist Adolf Evgenievich Alexeyev 1934-2000

Soviet artist Adolf Evgenievich Alexeyev 1934-2000

Parade on the Red Square in 1941. Soviet artist Adolf Evgenievich Alexeyev 1934-2000

Soviet artist Adolf Evgenievich Alexeyev

Born May 8, 1934 in Leningrad, Adolf Evgenievich Alexeyev – Honored Artist of the RSFSR (1976). In 1959 he graduated from the Moscow Art Institute of VI Surikov. He perfected his mastery in the creative workshops of Soviet artists V.P. Efanov and F.I. Nevezhin, in the Academy of Arts of the USSR.
In 1965 he began working in the Studio of Military Artists of Mitrofan Grekov. Awarded the gold medal of M.B. Grekov for participation in the restoration of the panorama of F.Rubo “The Battle of Borodino” (1968). In addition, for the picture “Moscow. District. 1941” – awarded with the silver medal of the USSR Academy of Arts (1970).
Adolf Evgenievich Alexeyev was a permanent participant of exhibitions of Soviet art, as well as solo exhibitions. In particular, in the Studio of Military Artists (1964), the Central House of the Soviet Army (1974), the halls of the Moscow State Duma (1998), etc.
Read more »

Soviet artist Vasily Akimovich Arlashin 1923-1998

Soviet artist Vasily Akimovich Arlashin 1923-1998

Kirghiz aul yard. 1950s. Painting by Soviet artist Vasily Akimovich Arlashin (6 April, 1923 – 1998)

Soviet artist Vasily Akimovich Arlashin 1923-1998
Born April 6, 1923 in the village of Svinchus of Ryazan region, Arlashin grew in a large family of a village buoy. Since 1934 he lived in Frunze, and studied in the art studio. After school, he entered the Leningrad Institute of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture (1939-1941). Participated in exhibitions since 1939.
Like many of his contemporaries, in the fall of 1942 he went to the front. He fought on the Western Front commander of a platoon of submachine gunners. After the war, in 1944-46 he worked in the Studio of Military Art of M.B.Grekov. Besides, in the period of 1946-1951 he studied at the Moscow State Art Institute of VI Surikov, P. Pokarzhevsky’s workshop.
Read more »

Soviet artist Gleb Ivanovich Barabanshchikov 1910-1987

Soviet artist Gleb Ivanovich Barabanshchikov

Picking up flowers. 1945. Painting by Soviet artist Gleb Ivanovich Barabanshchikov (1910 -1977)

Soviet artist Gleb Ivanovich Barabanshchikov

Born in the village of Sludka, Perm Gubernia, Gleb Ivanovich Barabanshchikov – from the family of employees. He studied at the Perm Art College (1927-1930), then served in the Red Army. Learning the world, he traveled half the country, and meanwhile, changed many professions – timber cutter, cattle breeder, loader in the Leningrad port, and a teacher at school. In 1937, withstood a large competition he became a student of the Institute of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture of the All-Russian Academy of Arts. Unfortunately, the war interrupted the study. Barabanshchikov participated in the heroic defense of Leningrad, awarded a medal for the defense of Leningrad. After wounding lived in besieged Leningrad, and finished his studies at the painting faculty of the Institute of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture of I.E. Repin (1944-1946). As the best student, he received a Stalin scholarship. His mentor was the famous Soviet artist A.A. Osmyorkin, and the diploma painting – “Stalingrad.”
Read more »

Soviet Russian artist Pyotr Dmitrievich Buchkin

Painting by Soviet Russian artist Pyotr Dmitrievich Buchkin (January 22, 1886 - June 21, 1965)

Pioneers. canvas, oil. 1927. Painting by Soviet Russian artist Pyotr Dmitrievich Buchkin (January 22, 1886 – June 21, 1965)

Soviet Russian artist Pyotr Dmitrievich Buchkin

Born 22 January 1886 in the village of Sofronovo, Tver province, Pyotr Buchkin lived in Uglich since 1891. He graduated from the three-grade school and studied painting with local icon painters.
In 1899 he came to Petersburg, and began studying at the Central School of Technical Drawing of Baron A. L. Stieglitz (1899-1904). Then, at the Higher Art School under the Imperial Academy of Arts (1904-1912). At the end of school, as a grant of the Academy of Arts, the artist visited Italy, France, Germany, Spain and other countries (1912-1914).
Honored Artist of the RSFSR, a member of the Leningrad organization of the Union of Artists of the RSFSR, he became known for a series of portraits of his contemporaries – cultural and art figures. In genre works he paid much attention to the peasant theme and provincial life. During the Great Patriotic War, he began work on one of his most iconic painting, “The Appeal of Kozma Minin to the Russian People” (completed in the 1950s).
From 1947 until the end of his life, Buchkin was in charge of the Department of Monumental Painting at the Leningrad Higher School of Art and Industry named after V.I. Mukhina. His works are in the State Tretyakov Gallery, the State Russian Museum, and the Uglich Historical and Art Museum.
Read more »