Soviet Art

USSR Culture

Funerals of Stalin in the magazine Soviet Union (1953)

Funerals of Stalin in the magazine Soviet Union (1953). Workers of the Moscow plant named after S. Ordzhonikidze during a mourning five-minute stoppage of the enterprise

Workers of the Moscow plant named after S. Ordzhonikidze during a mourning five-minute stoppage of the enterprise. Funerals of Stalin in the magazine Soviet Union (1953)

Funerals of Stalin in the magazine Soviet Union (1953)
First of all, Sovetsky Soyuz, or “The Soviet Union”, was a monthly magazine published in 1930-1990 in Moscow. Noteworthy, the magazine, distributed in the USSR and abroad, in addition to Russian language, was available in 18 languages. In particular, in English, German, French, Spanish, Chinese, Korean, Japanese, Arabic, Serbian-Croatian, Urdu, Hindi, Finnish, Romanian, Hungarian, Mongolian, Bengali, Vietnamese, and Italian. Founded by Maxim Gorky, until 1950 the magazine was called “USSR on the construction site”.
However, of all the issues released in the period of 1930-1990s I have chosen only No. 3 (37) released in March of 1953. It was a historical issue, which, alongside with traditional articles on socialist achievements, published information about the death of Joseph Stalin (died 5 March 1953).
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One-picture Soviet art gallery

One-picture Soviet art gallery

Painting by Soviet artist Tamara Fyodorovna Nedoshevenko. Romance. 1977. One-picture Soviet art gallery

One-picture Soviet art gallery
The author of the above painting – born 2 November 1950 in the Volyn region of Ukraine, Tamara Fyodorovna Nedoshevenko. She graduated from the Kiev State Art Institute (1975). And then, continued her art education in Moscow, in the creative workshops of the Academy of Arts of the USSR (1978). Her teachers were prominent Soviet artists V. Shatalin and S. Grigoriev. Mainly, she worked in the field of easel and monumental painting.
Alongside with Tamara Fyodorovna Nedoshevenko, this post features various Soviet artists who worked in the time of the USSR. Besides, most of these artists were members of the USSR Union of artists.
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One-picture artists of Soviet period

Valerian Loik (1904-1986). One-picture artists of Soviet period. The song of protest. 1963

Valerian Loik (20 May 1904, Tallinn – 26 September 1986, Tallinn). The song of protest. 1963. One-picture artists of Soviet period

One-picture artists of Soviet period

In the above picture – painting by Soviet Estonian artist, Member of the USSR Union of Artists, Honored Artist of the Estonian SSR, Professor Valerian Tynuyevich Loik. This post is a continuation of the theme of artists, authors of one painting from my private collection. The images scanned from publications of the Soviet period – books, illustrated albums, magazines and catalogs of exhibitions of Soviet art.

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Soviet Art Gallery of one-picture artists

Soviet Art Gallery of one-picture artists

A.N. Volkov. Girls with cotton. 1932. Soviet Art Gallery of one-picture artists

Soviet Art Gallery of one-picture artists

For the lovers of art, and in particular, the Soviet period, I propose to get acquainted with another collection of works by artists of the period of the USSR. All images – scanned from Soviet catalogs, books and illustrated albums on Soviet fine arts, which I have been collecting for many years. In particular, the gallery includes works by artists of the Soviet period, performed in different genres – portraits of workers and artists, urban and industrial landscapes, still lifes and genre painting. However, they all belong to the art of socialist realism,
characterized by a close connection with life, social development through unique, individualized images of people and events. And, most importantly, reflecting the life of glorious Soviet past and present, they charged with the revolutionary romanticism and historical life-affirming optimism.
However, the method of socialist realism did not mean uniformity, although it assumed a single ideological and aesthetic basis of art. On the contrary, there is a diversity of individualities, genres, styles, artistic forms and national characteristics. Just look, for example, at the above picture – “The girls with cotton”, created in 1932 by Soviet artist A.N. Volkov.
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Soviet artist Pyotr Petrovich Belousov 1912-1989

Soviet artist Pyotr Petrovich Belousov 1912-1989

“We’ll go the other way!” (1951). Young Vladimir Lenin with his mother. Painting by Soviet artist Pyotr Petrovich Belousov (1912-1989)

Soviet artist Pyotr Petrovich Belousov
Honored Artist of the RSFSR. People’s Artist of the RSFSR, Corresponding member of the USSR Academy of Arts. An outstanding Russian artist, the pupil of Brodsky, Pyotr Petrovich Belousov is the author of the iconic Soviet painting “We’ll go the other way!” (1951). Also, he is the author of many paintings devoted to the leader of Great October revolution. Among most notable works – “VI Lenin among delegates of the Third Congress of the Komsomol”. (1949), etc. In addition, he is the author of drawings, etchings, lithographs, and bookplates.
He studied at the studios of the USSR Academy of Arts and in the “Community of Artists”. Participated in the exhibitions of the Society of A.I. Kuindzhi (1930).
The graduatee of the Academy of I.E. Repin (1933-1939) he received a diploma with honors for the painting “On the eve of October.” Participated in the largest exhibitions of Soviet art since 1930. Approved the head of the Department of Painting and Drawing of the Institute of I.E. Repin for the painting “Greek patriot in the fascist prison” (1956).
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Soviet artist Mikhail Sergeyevich Barancheyev 1920-1996

Soviet artist Mikhail Sergeyevich Barancheyev. Granny's outfits. 1957

Granny’s outfits. 1957. Painting by Soviet artist Mikhail Sergeyevich Barancheyev (1920-1996)

Soviet artist Mikhail Sergeyevich Barancheyev
Born in the village of Kalinovo of Moscow region, Barancheyev was fond of drawing since childhood. Fascinated by art, he studied in the studio of famous artist Alexander Buzovkin in the Serpukhov House of Pioneers. Later, he always remembered the teacher with gratitude, who for the rest of his life instilled in him a love of art. Barancheyev continued his artistic education in the Moscow Art College (1946-1947), and then entered the second year of the Moscow Art Institute of Surikov. His leaders were prominent Soviet artists professors F.A. Modorov and D.K. Mochalsky. At the same time he worked in the studio of military artists of Grekov.
In fact, it was at the institute, where they sacredly honored traditions of the Russian art school. Firmly believed in the principles of realistic art, he remained faithful to them throughout his creative life.
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Soviet sculpture socialist sacred traditions

Soviet sculpture socialist sacred traditions. Lenin and Stalin. 1945. Sculptor A. Topchiev

Lenin and Stalin. 1945. Sculptor A. Topchiev. Soviet sculpture socialist sacred traditions

Soviet sculpture socialist sacred traditions
Monumental art, and in particular sculpture, was a chronicle of the life of Soviet peoples, and the affirmation of the ideals of communist society. The desire of Soviet artists to always be together with the people, to express its thoughts and hopes, to be side by side in the struggle became one of the sacred traditions of socialist culture.
Accordingly, monumental and decorative art was a means of forming the spiritual climate of socialist cities and villages, a weapon of monumental propaganda, and not just a way to organize a material and spatial environment. The works of sculptors embodied high social ideals, educating millions of people. Also, images of heroes and events, which forever preserve the people’s memory, were imprinted.
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