Soviet Art

USSR Culture

The USSR Industry Achievements matchbox labels

The USSR Industry Achievements matchbox labels

1959 matchstick box label. Children’s toy. From the series The USSR Industry Achievements matchbox labels

The USSR Industry Achievements matchbox labels
The match-sticker label, after the revolution and complete nationalization of match factories dramatically changed its content and purpose. On the labels began to print ideological appeals and slogans, and information about various events, advertising products and services. In the USSR, Phillumeny, in contrast to the numismatics dealing with precious metals, was strongly supported. At the same time, being the most mass media in the USSR (label production reached hundreds of millions), match labels underwent strict censorship. Accordingly, until the middle of the 1950s, every match label was approved with the resolution “Corresponds to the print allowed by Gorlit.”
Meanwhile, in the days of Stalin, it was forbidden to portray the portraits of the “leader of the peoples” on the labels. However, the slogans praising him were greeted. Later, when censorship reduced, a huge number of highly professional mini masterpieces appeared. Never thrown away, they became the collectibles. In fact, they featured all spheres of the life of Soviet society: from everyday objects to flight into space. Soviet people, as well as our contemporaries, carefully considered, exchanged and collected black and white, multicolored, souvenir, greeting and advertising matchboxes made in the Soviet Union.
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Soviet Turkmen artist Durdy Bayramov 1938-2014

Soviet Turkmen artist Durdy Bayramov 1938-2014

The first. 1968. Painting by Soviet Turkmen artist Durdy Bayramov (April 14, 1938 – February 14, 2014)

Soviet Turkmen artist Durdy Bayramov
Durdy Bayramov (April 14, 1938, Bairam-Ali, Turkmen SSR – February 14, 2014, Ashgabat, Turkmenistan) is a Soviet Turkmen artist, teacher and photographer. Acting member of the Academy of Arts of the Kyrgyz Republic (1998), People’s Artist of the Turkmen SSR (1991), Honored Artist of the Turkmen SSR (1980). He received the President of Turkmenistan’s medal “For Love of the Fatherland” (2008). Laureate of the award of the Union of Artists of Turkmenistan of B. Nurali (2009), the Lenin Komsomol Prize of the USSR (1972) and the Lenin Komsomol Prize of the Turkmen SSR (1970).
Bayramov is the author of more than 5000 works of painting, graphics, and photographs in the gnres of portraits, landscapes, still lifes, and thematic compositions.
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Soviet Artist Nikolay Pavlovich Yeryshev 1936-2004

The Bread field. 1979 (Silver medal of the Academy of Arts of the USSR). Painting by Soviet Artist Nikolay Pavlovich Yeryshev (15 June 1936- 31 July 2004

The Bread field. 1979 (Silver medal of the Academy of Arts of the USSR). Painting by Soviet Artist Nikolay Pavlovich Yeryshev (15 June 1936- 31 July 2004

Soviet Artist Nikolay Pavlovich Yeryshev

According to art critics, the work of Nikolai Pavlovich Yeryshev is a most valuable contribution to the artistic history of the USSR. A wonderful master of the subject-thematic picture, Yeryshev managed to rise the history of his country and era to a high philosophical understanding. The artist’s paintings created in 1970-1980, put his name on a par with the classics of Soviet art. In particular, “The Collective Farm Market”, “Carnival in Venice”, “Defense of Orenburg”, “On the grain stock”, “Refugees” and many others.
An artist-monumentalist by profession, he was looking for great, epoch-making themes for his works. Meanwhile, after his first participation in the zonal exhibition, he became the member of the USSR Union of Artists (1965). And in 1967, for the painting “On his land” the artist received the highest award of the All-Union Exhibition of Young Artists. Also, the first personal exhibition of Nikolai Eryshev took place in Moscow in 1973.
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Soviet artist Viktor Nikolaevich Chulovich 1922-1994

Soviet artist Viktor Nikolaevich Chulovich 1922-1994

The Moscow yard. Big hockey. 1961. Soviet artist Viktor Nikolaevich Chulovich 1922-1994

Soviet artist Viktor Nikolaevich Chulovich
An outstanding master, from the legendary “sixties”, Viktor Nikolaevich Chulovich (July 5, 1922 – 1994) possessed a mighty, courageous and temperamental brush. It’s not even the power of talent, not the integrity and completeness of creativity, but the ability to convey the charm of the past era.
Viktor Nikolaevich Chulovich studied at the Moscow Art School of Memory of 1905 (workshop of P. Petrovichev). However, like most of his contemporaries, he had to defend his Motherland during the WWII. So, in 1941 he fought as a machine gunner on the Kalinin and Stalingrad fronts. Demobilized because of a serious wound (August 1942), Chulovich continued his education. In particular, at the painting department of the All-Union State Institute of Cinematography in Moscow. His teachers were F.S. Bogorodsky and KM. Morozov. After graduation (1951) he worked as an artist at the Moscow Film Studio.
Chulovich – veteran of Great Patriotic war, awarded the Order of the Patriotic War I degree, medals “For courage”, “For the defense of Stalingrad”, and “For victory over Germany”.
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Soviet artist Victor Konstantinovich Dmitrievsky

Painting by Soviet artist Victor Konstantinovich Dmitrievsky (1923-2006)

Bird cherry blossoms. Oil. 1971. Painting by Soviet artist Victor Konstantinovich Dmitrievsky (1923-2006)

Soviet artist Victor Konstantinovich Dmitrievsky

Born October 5, 1923 in Zaraysk, Moscow province, Victor Dmitrievsky was a prominent Soviet painter. Member of the Studio of Military Artists of Mitrofan Grekov (1944), he was a veteran of Great Patriotic war.
He began studying art in the art studio (1937-1939). Soon after, in 1939 entered the Moscow Secondary Art School. During war time (1941-1942), with a group of teachers and students was in the evacuation in the village of Voskresensk of Bashkir ASSR. The same as many of his contemporaries, Victor entered the Soviet army (1942) and ended it as a platoon commander of the Moscow Military Engineering School. Besides, as part of the creative group of the Studio of Military Artists of Grekov, Dmitrievsky was on the Belarusian fronts. Victor Dmitrievsky was also a participant in the battles for the liberation of Czechoslovakia (1945). Veteran of Great Patriotic war, he received several awards. In particular, the Order of “Red Star”, and medals “For Military Merit”. Noteworthy, in 1951, without a break from work at the Studio of Grekov, he graduated from the Moscow State Art Institute of V.I. Surikov.
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Soviet artist Vladimir Semenovich Zakharkin

Soviet artist Vladimir Semenovich Zakharkin

Great sorrow, 1953. Painting by Soviet artist Vladimir Semenovich Zakharkin

Soviet artist Vladimir Semenovich Zakharkin
Born October 6, 1923 in the village of Avdotino of Ryazan province, Vladimir Semenovich Zakharkin – a famous Soviet painter. In 1944-50 Zakharkin studied at the Moscow Art Institute of V.I. Surikov. His teachers were famous Soviet masters of painting, in particular, AA. Osmyorkin, H. Maximov, Yu.P. Kugach, and P.I. Kotov. After graduation, in 1950-1953 he taught at the Secondary Art School in Moscow. Vladimir Semenovich Zakharkin became a regular participant of exhibitions of Soviet art since 1950, and the first one in Moscow. In addition, he was a participant in exhibitions and sales of works by Soviet artists in England, Poland, Austria, Germany, Holland, and France. A talented artist, Zakharkin became a member of the USSR Union of Artists after his first exhibition (1951). Meanwhile, in his many-sided creativity, we can trace the adherence to the thematic picture – a genre that presupposes a particularly thorough semantic and artistic elaboration. All this fully found its expression in the genre paintings of the artist. In them he gave the images of his contemporaries with great love and skill, touching with their simplicity and sincerity.
His works are in collections of art museums of Barnaul, Cheboksary, Taganrog, Rostov-on-Don, Yaroslavl, Krasnodar, as well as in many private collections in Russia and abroad.
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Soviet social poster of Perestroika time

Perestroika. Poster artist O. Ulanov. Soviet social poster of Perestroika time

Perestroika. Poster artist O. Ulanov. Soviet social poster of Perestroika time

Soviet social poster of Perestroika time
In the period of social change, there is a growing need to create generalized, intelligible and at the same time profound in content symbols. In fact, Perestroika proclaimed a new way of thinking. Accordingly, the content of the posters has changed a lot. Meanwhile, the head of the USSR Mikhail Gorbachev himself introduced a lot of neologisms. In particular, “glasnost”, “acceleration”, “democracy”, and “perestroika” itself. It was these words that appeared on most posters. However, in the majority the form of a poster has remained former. For example, an excess of red color, workers with happy courageous faces, patterns of sickles and hammers. Thus, the posters of the perestroika demonstrate to us a kind of transitional form of visual agitation – from the Soviet to the modern Russian.
However, the ideas of that troubled time are condemned by most modern people now. And the very time of perestroika with its leaders people now consider a time of betrayal and destruction.
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