Soviet Art

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Category Archive: Soviet Art

Bulldozer Exhibition

Bulldozer Exhibition

Bulldozer Exhibition

Legend of the Soviet era: “Bulldozer Exhibition”

In the USSR, they did not respect creativity, and even more so, avant-garde creativity. The totalitarian conservative state wanted to completely control its citizens, and therefore every now and then tried to discern “ideological enemies” in them. Creative impulses did not presuppose any other means of expression than the officially approved ones. And talents were allowed to create only within certain limits and only after they acquired a bunch of permits and certificates of participation in all sorts of “unions” and the like … In general, they did not understand, they were afraid and fought. There were, of course, exceptions, but that is why they are exceptions.

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Designer Eva Zeisel designer, ceramist and sculptor

Designer Eva Zeisel and her contribution to the development of Russian porcelain

Eva Zeisel, née Striker, is an internationally renowned designer, ceramist and sculptor, born on November 13, 1906. However, she herself did not like the modern word “designer” and preferred to call herself “the creator of things”. Eva lived 105 years and continued to do what she loved until the last day. During her long life, she managed to work in Hungary, Germany, the Soviet Union and the United States, and left a noticeable mark in each of these countries. The dishes that came out of her hands are not just beautiful: they are both delicate and functional. Rounded cups and handles delight the eye with smooth lines and fit comfortably in the hand. You can imagine these products both in a museum and in your home kitchen.

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Soviet artist Vitaly Polyakov 1925-1997

Soviet artist Vitaly Polyakov 1925-1997

Sculptor A.P. Kibalnikov at work (creating monument to Soviet poet Vladimir Mayakovsky). Oil on cardboard, painting by Soviet artist Vitaly Polyakov (1925-1997)

Soviet artist Vitaly Polyakov
Born 18 June 1925 in Saratov, Polyakov Vitaly Anatolyevich was a renowned master of socialist realism. Vitaly Anatolyevich graduated with honors from the Saratov Art School in 1948. After graduation 24-year-old artist moved to Riga, where he studied painting in the workshops of J.R. Tilberg and K. Butcher (1949 – 1954) in the Latvian Art Academy.
The artist began participating in group exhibitions of Soviet art in 1954. Traditionally, the artist painted landscapes and portraits in oil. Among his works – a portrait of the composer L. Ladova, a portrait of the actress N. Neznamova, series of landscapes of Crimea, as well as cityscapes, including Riga, Jurmala and other cities. According to sources, his personal exhibition took place only in 1986. The member of the USSR Union of Soviet artists, Polyakov had lived in Riga until his death in 1997.
Now his oil paintings decorate various museums and private collections both in Latvia, Russia, Germany, and the USA.
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Soviet Moscow in drawings by Vladimir Semyonov

22 June 1941 Germans attacked Russia. Moscow is the Hero City. Soviet Moscow in drawings by Vladimir Semyonov

Published in 1979 set of postcards. 22 June 1941 fascist Germany attacked Russia. Moscow is now the Hero City. Soviet Moscow in drawings by Vladimir Semyonov (27 November 1936 – 19 December 2003)

Soviet Moscow in drawings by Vladimir Semyonov
Born in Moscow in 1936, Vladimir Ivanovich Semenov was a famous Soviet graphic artist. He graduated from the Moscow Polygraphic Institute in 1966. Noteworthy, he became famous for created by him sets of postcards about the capital. In particular, postcards for foreign tourists in 1990. And this post features 32 postcards ‘Moscow and Moscovites’ published in 1979.
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Soviet sculptor animalist Boris Vorobyov

Soviet sculptor animalist Boris Vorobyov (November 6, 1911, Tomsk - April 25, 1990, Leningrad)

Celluloid beasts of the Soviet sculptor animalist Boris Vorobyov (November 6, 1911, Tomsk – April 25, 1990, Leningrad)

Soviet sculptor animalist Boris Vorobyov

Probably, each of Soviet family had porcelain or plastic animal figures at home, and the author of them was Vorobyov. The animal sculptor worked in various materials: porcelain, faience, ceramics, glass, wood and metal. He is one of the leading animal sculptors and artists of the Leningrad Porcelain Factory, Honored Artist of the RSFSR, participant of all-Union and international exhibitions. His works are in the Hermitage, the Russian Museum and the Tretyakov Gallery, museums and private collections.
Boris (Isai) Vorobyov was born in the city of Tomsk in 1911. Until the age of 25, Boris himself had no idea that he would become an animal sculptor and this would become the work of his life. During his life, he tried many professions: he was an assistant to a bricklayer, a school teacher, and even an air gymnast in a circus. Also, he served at a dairy factory and studied at the construction college. In 1932, he entered the Moscow Institute of Architecture and Civil Engineering, but in 1936 left it and moved to Leningrad to enter the Academy of Arts to become a sculptor.
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Soviet artist Maria Savchenkova 1917-2017

Soviet artist Maria Savchenkova 1917-2017

Holiday. 1952. Oil on canvas. Painting by Soviet artist Maria Savchenkova 1917-2017

Soviet artist Maria Savchenkova
Born in 1917 in Novocherkassk, Maria Vladimirovna Savchenkova (1917 – 2017) is a famous Soviet artist. First, she studied at the All-Union Central Council of Trade Unions (1936-1937), workshop of Konstantin Yuon and M.S. Rodionov. Then, from 1937 to 1945 – at the Moscow State Art Institute named after V.I. Surikov. Her teachers were such famous masters as Grigory Shegal, Vasily Pochitalov and Dmitry Mochalsky. Her thesis was a painting “The Germans Caught” under the direction of no less famous master – Sergei Gerasimov.
While still a student, she met the artist Vasily Nechitailo, who for many years became her friend and partner in work and, later, her husband. They had a wonderful large and friendly family: in 1940 they had their firstborn – son Dmitry, in 1942 – daughter Ksenia, and after the war, in 1952 – son Sergey. All the children followed in the footsteps of their parents, became famous artists.
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Soviet artist Oleg Loshakov

Soviet artist Oleg Loshakov. Green house. 1966. Oil on canvas

Green house. 1966. Oil on canvas. Painting by Soviet artist Oleg Loshakov (born May 16, 1936, Moscow, USSR)

Soviet artist Oleg Loshakov
The communication of a person with nature, its cognition and creation in it are the main issues that interest the Moscow painter O. Loshakov.
The work of the institute era still did not portend the direction of his creative interests of a more mature period. Most often, these were modest landscapes made in the realistic traditions of the Moscow school of painting. It is difficult to say if Loshakov would have found his own path if, after graduating from the Surikov Institute, he had not gone to the Far East. There he had been a teacher at the Vladivostok Art School for two years. In fact, these years, this experience formed the personality of the young Soviet painter.
So far, Oleg Nikolaevich Loshakov is a teacher, professor, Honored Artist of the RSFSR (1982), and Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Arts (2002). Also, he’s been a member of the USSR Union of Artists since 1967. In 1960 he graduated from the Moscow State Art Institute named after V.I. Surikov.
Even a student, in 1957 he began participating in republican, all-union and international exhibitions. Since 1993 he has been teaching at the State Specialized Academy of Arts, head of the department of painting and graphics (professor since 2002). Among his awards the Order of the Badge of Honor and a silver medal of the Russian Academy of Arts (1998).
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