Soviet Art

USSR Culture

Category Archive: Soviet Art

Soviet realist painter Nikolai Romadin

Soviet realist painter Nikolai Romadin. Mother. 1934. Private collection

Mother. 1934. Private collection. Soviet realist painter Nikolai Romadin (1903—1987)

Soviet realist painter Nikolai Romadin (1903—1987) – Academician of the USSR Academy of Arts (1967, Corresponding Member – 1953), People’s Artist of the USSR (1971), the winner of the Lenin Prize (1980), second-degree Stalin Prize (1946) and the RSFSR State Prize of Repin (1970). Nikolai Mikhailovich Romadin was born in Samara into the family of a railroad worker Mikhail Andreyevich Romadin. The artist’s father was a soldier in the First World War, he served in the the railway, drove trains. After the collapse of the railway had to work as a simple oiler, was wounded, returned to Samara. After his recovery, he went to work at the depot. Nikolai had to work from the age of eleven, he became a newspaper boy. To successfully sell newspapers, everywhere he had to be the first, to run faster than others along the street to the train station and the pier with a heavy canvas bag, shouting loudly newspaper titles: Volzhsky day! Volga word! To the pier arrived wheel passenger steamers. Leaving them for a short walk, passengers willingly read the local newspapers.
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Soviet artist Fyodor Vasilyevich Shapayev

Rural postman 1959. Voronezh Regional Art Museum named after IN Kramskoi. Soviet artist Fyodor Vasilyevich Shapayev

Rural postman 1959. Voronezh Regional Art Museum named after IN Kramskoi. Soviet artist Fyodor Vasilyevich Shapayev (b. April 16, 1927)

Soviet artist Fyodor Vasilyevich Shapayev
Born April 16, 1927 in the village with an amazing name – Pokoi (Peace), Fyodor Vasilyevich Shapayev is a famous Soviet artist. His creativity has a high aesthetic value, and great ethical significance. With all his paintings, with all the force of sincerity and talent inherent in the master, the artist claims such unchanging, fundamental values ​​without which there can be no man – kindness, sacrifice, hard work, mental fortitude, faith, love. In a broad sense, creativity of Honored Artist of the RSFSR (1980), member of the USSR Union of Artists Fyodor Shapayev associated with the humanistic concept of realistic art, originating in the Renaissance.
Fyodor Shapayev comes from farmers of Serdobsk County of Saratov Province. “None of the relatives was linked to art, they were farmers. I do not remember my grandparents, but my parents told that he was a priest,” – says the artist. He was born April 16, 1927 in the village with an amazing name – Pokoi (Peace). Later, after becoming a famous artist, Fyodor captured the image of his native village and the parents on the canvas. In the portrait of his mother, painted in 1964, maternal life, full of daily long-term work, conceptualized as a moral achievement. The artist managed to express a deep, penetrating understanding of the mother’s life as a selfless service to the family, children. Like some other portraits of people close to the artist (his father, wife, daughter, son), Portrait of a mother has a distinctly intimate character.
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Soviet painter Andrei Gorsky 1926-2015

Female portrait. 1954. The State Tretyakov Gallery. Soviet painter Andrei Gorsky (17 April 1926 - 22 September 2015)

Female portrait. 1954. The State Tretyakov Gallery. Soviet painter Andrei Gorsky (17 April 1926 – 22 September 2015)

Soviet painter Andrei Gorsky (17 April 1926 – 22 September 2015) – member of the USSR Union of artists (1956), Honored Artist of the RSFSR (1982), People’s Artist of the Russian Federation (1996). Andrei Gorsky belongs to the national culture, which determines all his work during the difficult and dangerous for the existence of the Soviet state war and post-war years. Then was laid a solid foundation of his art. The young years of the artist passed in the time of the Great Patriotic War, full of anxiety, both for the fate of each individual soldier, and for the fate of the entire country. And in the soul of a sensitive man, an intellectual grew a sense of patriotism, interest to the history, and love for the motherland. The nature of the Russian North, its courageous people and the historical past of our country, the roots of its culture attracted the artist. Russian history, native environment, the Soviet people, defending the right to live with our heads held high – that unified in its diversity the theme of the artist.
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Soviet artist Boris Mikhailovich Nemensky

Mother. 1945. The State Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow. Soviet artist Boris Mikhailovich Nemensky

Mother. 1945. The State Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow. Soviet artist Boris Mikhailovich Nemensky (b. 1922)

Paintings by Soviet artist Boris Mikhailovich Nemensky (b. 1922) many times became a phenomenon, of not only artistic, but also social life, the subject of a very heated debate. Faith in humanity, in its beauty and indestructibility, the artist’s belief in the power of the human principle, to be fought not only among inhuman trials of war, but today – this is perhaps the most important characteristic of his work. “B. Nemensky has already become a classic at twenty-two years old when he created his famous picture “Mother”, – said the famous Soviet poet Konstantin Simonov. Boris Nemensky is known as a painter of easel painting with complex and dramatic content, and at the same time as very lyrical artist with a bright and vibrant view of the world. As an academician, a member of the Academy of Education and the Academy of Arts of the USSR and Russia, People’s Artist of the RSFSR, laureate of Stalin and State prizes, he remains the same, not going to compromise, original master.
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Prominent Soviet artist Igor Grabar

Soviet artist Igor Grabar (1871-1960) Self-portrait in a hat. 1921

Self-portrait in a hat. 1921. Soviet artist Igor Grabar (1871-1960)

Soviet artist Igor Grabar (1871—1960) – one of the most famous names in the history of Russian and Soviet culture of the twentieth century. A man of art, science, museum and restoration work, Grabar in his very long life showed the wonders of diligence, putting all of himself into art. In addition, origin and place of birth of Grabar, his family history is quite unusual. He was born March 13, 1871 in Budapest, in the Russian family that belonged to an ethnic group concentrated in the Ugrian Russia. This Carpathian region was part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. And almost all the numerous relatives of Grabar, especially his maternal grandfather Adolf Ivanovich Dobryansky, were involved in the European Slavophile movement. Besides, they participated in the fight against “Magyarization” of Slavs of Austria-Hungary.
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Soviet artist Constructivist Vladimir Tatlin

Portrait of the Artist (self-portrait). 1912-1913. Art Museum, Kostroma. Soviet artist Constructivist Vladimir Tatlin (28 December 1885 — 31 May 1953)

Portrait of the Artist (self-portrait). 1912-1913. Art Museum, Kostroma. Soviet artist Constructivist Vladimir Tatlin (28 December 1885 — 31 May 1953)

Soviet artist Constructivist Vladimir Tatlin

“Vladimir – thin and tall young man, a bit like a fish with a protruding upper lip, with a snub nose and evocative melancholy eyes.” Natalia Goncharova, 1911.
In fact, Constructivism was a Soviet phenomenon that emerged after the October Revolution as one of the areas of new, avant-garde, proletarian art. As Vladimir Mayakovsky wrote in his essay on the French art: “For the first time not from France, but from Russia flew the new word of art – constructivism …”
And one of the largest representatives of the Russian Soviet avant-garde, the father of constructivism was Soviet artist Constructivist Vladimir Tatlin (28 December 1885 — 31 May 1953). This direction, called Constructivism, was a new way of thinking. It presents a new logic in the way of artistic thinking, hence its importance to contemporary art. Besides, it assigns a major role to structure and establishes design principles. Tatlin, Rodchenko and many other artists, coming from the abstract, worked on the problem of interdependence of forms. By the way, Tatlin was one of the few avant-garde artists who stayed in the USSR, while the majority of them left the Soviet country.
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Painting by Soviet artist Vasily Hvostenko

Self-portrait. 1927. Soviet artist Vasily Hvostenko (1896 - 1960)

Self-portrait. 1927. Soviet artist Vasily Hvostenko (1896 – 1960)

Soviet artist Vasily Hvostenko (1896 – 1960) – comes from a galaxy of serfs artists (his great-grandfather, grandfather and father were icon painters), a member of the “Association of Artists of Revolutionary Russia” (AKhRR). One of the first works carried out on the revolutionary theme: “Lenin on the armored car”, “Lenin in Smolny”, etc. Vasily Hvostenko – artist and researcher, developed technologies and modern methods of encaustic painting and revived this ancient art.
Soviet graphic artist, painter, and muralist Vasily Veniaminovich Hvostenko was born August 15, 1896 in Kursk province. In 1910-1917 he studied at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture, workshops of Alexander Arkhipov, V. Baksheyev, N. Kasatkin, K. Korovin, A. Korin, S. Malyutin, L. Pasternak. Since 1918, he exhibited his works at many art exhibitions in the USSR and abroad, including the exhibitions “Free art”, “Union of Russian Artists”, “Association of Artists of Revolutionary Russia.”
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