Soviet artist Andrei Ivanovich Plotnov
Born July 21, 1916 in the village of Verkhne-Pavlovka of Lipetsk region, Andrei Ivanovich Plotnov grew up in a peasant family. He studied at the Moscow Art College (1933-1936). In 1936, on the recommendation of the famous Soviet artist Igor Grabar, he entered the painting faculty of the Moscow Institute of Fine Arts. Plotnov – participant of art exhibitions since 1939.
Since the first days of the Great Patriotic War, he left the institute’s 5th year for the national militia. Evacuated to Samarkand in 1942, the same year he graduated from the institute, the workshop of Professor G.M. Shegal. His thesis work was “MV Frunze and Vasily Ivanovich Chapaev under Ufa”.
Member of the Moscow organization of the USSR Union of Artists from 1943, the same year he went to the front and entered the art studio of the NKVD of the USSR, under the leadership of P.P. Sokolov-Skalya. During the period of 1943-1944 he often goes to the front lines, draws portraits of soldiers and officers who have distinguished themselves in battles, as well as individual events of combat life. During the war, the artist created more than 20 political posters, demobilized from the army in 1947.
Category Archive: Soviet Art
Soviet artist Andrei Ivanovich Plotnov
Soviet Ukrainian painter Elena Yakovenko 1914-1999
Born July 25, 1914 in the city of Merefa, Kharkov region, Ukrainian painter Elena Nikolaevna Yakovenko studied at the Kharkov State Art Institute. From 1938 to 1946 she studied at the workshops of Soviet artists A.Kokel and S.Prokhorov. Yakovenko – a member of the Union of Artists of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist republic since 1946. The author of genre paintings, landscapes, still lifes, she was a participant of regional, republican, international and foreign exhibitions of Soviet art since 1945. Her solo exhibitions took place in her native Kharkov (1950, 1982, 1993), in Sumy (1962) and Kiev (1969, 1984). In addition, E. N. Yakovenko taught at the Kharkov Art College.
Social realism painter and graphic artist E. N. Yakovenko died in 1999 in her native Kharkov.
Soviet artist Noe Nestorovich Gedenidze
The famous portrait of V.I. Lenin, printed in millions of copies, hung in every office of each party worker. However, very few people knew at that time that this well-known image belongs to the artist Noah Gedenidze.
Born July 14, 1914 in Matkhodzi village of Georgia, the future Member of the USSR Union of Artists Noe Gedenidze was one of the most original artists of the Soviet epoque. Before the WWII he studied at the Tbilisi Academy of Arts. Then 2 years fought on the fronts of the Great Patriotic War. Seriously wounded he was in a hospital in Moscow. In his mature years, in 1962 he graduated from Surikov Moscow State Art Institute.
Along with A. Laktionov, he painted portraits of party and government leaders. Meanwhile, his real art life passed in a two-story studio in a silent Olkhovsky Lane, where he painted for his own pleasure, his own way, not even expecting to participate in any exhibitions. At that time he created colorful symphonies full of complex symbolism and individual mythology. Indeed, during Gedenidze’s lifetime the only small exhibition of his works took place in 1987 in Khimki, a Moscow suburb. We are just starting to discover this artist now.
Soviet artist Vasily Andreevich Neyasov (July 14, 1926 – October 7, 1984) – Member of the USSR Union of Artists (1948).
Born July 14, 1926 in Makarovka village of Penza province, Vasily Andreevich Neyasov grew up in a peasant Mordvinian family. From the age of 12 he began regular art classes – in the studio of Mordovian artists (1938-1940), at the children’s art school in Saransk. His teachers were MV Levitina, Boris Yermilov, MA Zernina, and MA Faichin (1940-1943). During the war years (1941-1943) he worked as an artist-designer of the Mordovian Music and Drama Theater under the leadership of MA Zernin and B.I. Roslenko-Ridzenko. Also, during hard years of WWII he managed to work as an assistant to the machinist of Ruzaevka railway station.
After the war ended, he decided to continue his art education and entered the Moscow Art College in memory of 1905, workshops of V.N. Baksheev, N.N. Nikonov, and N.S.Kozochkin (1945-1947). However, due to definite circumstances, he was not able to finish it, and returned to Saransk, and later moved to Chelyabinsk (1951).
Soviet artist Yuri Mikhailovich Neprintsev
His most famous work is the painting “Rest after the battle,” for which he was awarded the Stalin Prize of the first degree in 1952. After the war began, the artist volunteered for the front, served in the fighter battalion and active units of the Red Banner Baltic Fleet, and participated in the defense of Leningrad. Therefore, the picture reflects his personal observations and experiences. In addition, the famous poem by A. Tvardovsky “Vasily Turkin” influenced Neprintsev. Meanwhile, Soviet authorities presented the original of the painting “Rest after the battle” to the head of the People’s Republic of China Mao Zedong. And one of the versions, also created by Neprintsev, is in the Tretyakov Gallery.
Soviet painter, graphic artist, teacher, professor, Academician of the Academy of Arts of the USSR, People’s Artist of the USSR, Yuri Mikhailovich Neprintsev was a laureate of the Stalin Prize of the first degree.
In the post-war years, Yuri Neprintsev created a series of paintings dedicated to the heroic struggle of the Soviet people against fascist Germany: The Last Grenade (1948), Liza Chaikina (1949), Rest after the Battle (1951), and The Story of the Father (1955).
Soviet artist Leonid Andreyevich Fokin
Born July 9, 1930 in Pavlograd, Dnepropetrovsk region, Ukrainian SSR, Leonid Andreevich Fokin studied at the Kishinev Art College. And then followed six years of studying at the Faculty of Painting of the Institute of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture of Ilya Repin of Academy of Art of the USSR (1950-56). His teachers were prominent Soviet artists A. Debler, E. Tabakova, A. Mylnikov, and V. Anisovich. He graduated from the workshop of Professor V.M. Oreshnikov, the diploma painting – “In the Evening”.
The professionalism that he acquired, having passed all the stages of the Repin school, organically combined with his natural talent. A virtuosic draftsman and sensitive colorist, Leonid Fokin managed to create energetically powerful and simultaneously lyrically filled works, which, in addition to undoubted artistic and visual merits, distinguish a sense of the accuracy of the nature of time and place.
Soviet Russian artist Alexandr Burak (July 10, 1921 – April 29, 1997) – Ural painter, Professor of the Sverdlovsk Architectural Institute (1968-1989). Member of the USSR Union of Artists (1951) and Honored Artist of the RSFSR (1964). A real “singer of the Urals”, the artist created a whole series of epic, lyrical and industrial landscapes. Working on the Ural landscapes, he seemed to dissolve into a majestic nature, merged with it, and it confidently revealed to him the secrets of the unique combination of colors. Also widely known as a master of genre painting, he raised the importance of the domestic genre in the period when it was in a certain decline. In the genre picture, Alexander Filippovich showed himself as a subtle psychologist.
Born July 10, 1921 in the village of Efremovka in the Barabinsky district of the Novosibirsk region, in 1930 the family moved to the city of Kemerovo. His epic paintings were always full of love and admiration for his homeland. In 1938 he entered the architecture faculty of Novosibirsk Institute of Civil Engineering. Simultaneously, he worked as an artist-animator at the Novosibirsk studio of popular science films.