Soviet Art

USSR Culture

Soviet artist Vasily Nikolayevich Yakovlev 1893 -1953

Soviet artist Vasily Nikolayevich Yakovlev

Stalin Generalissimo of the Soviet Union. 1945. Soviet artist Vasily Nikolayevich Yakovlev (2 January 1893 – 29 June 1953)

Soviet artist Vasily Nikolayevich Yakovlev
Born on January 2 (14), 1893 in Moscow, Vasily Nikolayevich Yakovlev was a Soviet painter, People’s Artist of the RSFSR (1943) and Laureate of two Stalin Prizes (1943, 1949).
The boy grew up in a wealthy merchant family. Since 1911 he studied at the Physics and Mathematics Faculty of Moscow University, simultaneously visiting the art studio of VN Meshkov. Just before the Great October revolution, in 1917, he graduated from the Moscow University of painting, sculpture and architecture. In the university, his teachers were famous Russian artists Konstantin Korovin, AE Arkhipov, SV Malyutin, and others.
Vasily Yakovlev taught at VKhUTEMAS (1918-1922), at Moscow Institute of Arts (1934-1936), and Moscow State Institute of Architecture and Art named after VI Surikov (1948-1950). And in 1922 he became a member of Union of artists of Revolutionary Russia (AHRR).
After the great Patrotic war, in 1947 he became a full member of the Academy of Arts of the USSR. From 1926 to 1932 he worked as an artist-restorer in the Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts. Besides, since 1930 he was in charge of the restoration department. In addition, in 1938-1939 and 1949-1950 served as the main artist of the All-Union Agricultural Exhibition. Yakovlev proved his high official status with heroic portraits of the period of World War II. Also, the artist enthusiastically acted as a teacher. In particular, he taught since 1918 in the Free Art Studios, the Surikov Institute and other colleges.
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Soviet Belarusian painter Eduard Belagurov 1947-1998

Painting by Soviet Belarusian painter Eduard Belagurov (November 27, 1947 - May 17, 1998)

Surgeons. Operation. 1981. Painting by Soviet Belarusian painter Eduard Belagurov (November 27, 1947 – May 17, 1998)

Soviet Belarusian painter Eduard Belagurov
Born in Bobruisk, Belarus, USSR, Eduard Alexeyevich Belagurov was a Soviet painter, member of the USSR Union of Artists (1977). In 1974 he graduated from the department of monumental and decorative painting of the Belarusian State Theater and Art Institute. Currently, his works are in the National Art Museum of Belarus, Museum of Modern Art in Minsk, the funds of the Belarusian Union of Artists and the Ministry of Culture of Russia.
The artist has participated in the exhibitions of Soviet Art since 1975, awarded a diploma of the USSR Academy of Arts (1980). Meanwhile, already in the early works Eduard Belagurov manifested his civic position and the desire to raise actual problems of history and modernity in his art. He worked in easel painting in genres of figurative paintings and portraits. Among his major works: “Autumn cross” (1975), “Early Spring” (1976), “Conversation” (1982), “Dialogue” (1982), “Children of War”, “The Return”, “Surgeons. Operation” (the above image), and others.
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Soviet Russian actress Natalya Egorova

Soviet Russian actress Natalya Egorova

Born 22 August 1950, Stavropol, the USSR, Soviet Russian actress Natalya Egorova

Soviet Russian actress Natalya Egorova

Since her father was a Soviet officer, the family often moved to different cities. In particular, they lived long enough in Central Asia. However, because of the suspicion of tuberculosis in the daughter, her parents decided to change the climate and go north. Fortunately, in a colder climate, the disease really receded.
In the school days she loved to play sports, sing, participate in theatrical productions and various concerts. For this she was often called an actress, but in reality she did not think about her career as an actress. After graduating from school, she intended to enter the institute, but suddenly changed her mind and went to the Irkutsk Theater School.
A gifted girl fell to the taste of the admissions committee. She entered the school from the first attempt, but a year later she decided to go to Moscow. However, in the capital, success did not smile: she could not enter any of the Moscow theater schools. Nevertheless, luck still found her – she attracted the attention of the television crew. They offered her a small role in the film “The City of First Love.” She agreed and as a result was able to stay in Moscow for a year. This whole year she not only worked, but also trained diligently in the studio, which operated under the “Central House of Creativity”. A year later she still entered the “School-Studio of the Moscow Art Theater».
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Soviet artist Viktor Mikhailovich Oreshnikov 1904-1987

Painting by Soviet artist Viktor Mikhailovich Oreshnikov (20 January 1904 - 15 March 1987)

Portrait of actress Lyudmila Chursina. 1980. Painting by Soviet artist Viktor Mikhailovich Oreshnikov (20 January 1904 – 15 March 1987)

Soviet artist Viktor Mikhailovich Oreshnikov
Born 20 January 1904 in Perm, Viktor Mikhailovich Oreshnikov – Soviet painter, teacher, and master of portrait. Candidate of Art History (1937), Corresponding member of the Academy of Arts of the USSR (1947) and Doctor of Art History (1948). Besides, he was the winner of the Stalin Prize of the third degree (1948) for the painting “VI Lenin at the exam at the Petersburg University” (1947). In addition, the winner of the Stalin Prize of the third degree (1950) for the painting “At the headquarters of the defense of Petrograd” (1949). Academician of the Academy of Arts of the USSR (1954) and People’s Artist of the USSR (1969).
First, Oreshnikov received an art education in the Perm Art College (1924). Next, in 1927 he graduated from the Leningrad Higher Art and Technical Institute, and Academy of Arts (1933-1936). Noteworthy, his teachers were prominent Soviet masters Konstantin Petrov-Vodkin and I. I. Brodsky.
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Soviet sculptor Adelaida Germanovna Pologova 1923-2008

Go and save my trail. 1987. Soviet sculptor Adelaida Germanovna Pologova

Go and save my trail. 1987. Wood, gesso, gilding, painting, State Tretyakov Gallery. Soviet sculptor Adelaida Germanovna Pologova (1923-2008)

Soviet sculptor Adelaida Germanovna Pologova

Laureate of the USSR State Prize (1989), Adelaida Pologova belonged to a pleiad of sculptors of the 1960s, who ignored the traditional canons, giving an original view of the world. Her work – the creativity of a free and extremely original thinking sculptor. The peak of Adelaide Pologova’s creativity was in the 1980s, when she created, according to Soviet artist Dmitry Zhilinsky, “the finest sculpture of our time” – “Go and save my trail”. This is a masterpiece of the sculptor, which later gave the title of one of her posthumous exhibitions.
Her professional education A.G.Pologova began in 1942 in her native city of Sverdlovsk (now Yekaterinburg). She grew up in a creative family where her father worked as an artist-decorator at the State Opera Theater named after A.V. Lunacharsky (1923-1925). The echo of the very early children’s theatrical impressions will later appear in the structure of many works by Pologova.
Having graduated from the faculty of painting of the local art school in 1948, she entered the Moscow Institute of Applied and Decorative Art (MIPiDI). In 1952 Pologova entered the Leningrad Higher School of Art and Industry named after V.I. Mukhina (LVHPU). She graduated from the institute in 1955 on the specialty of “architectural and decorative sculpture”. Born the same year her son Alyosha became a hero of her works for life.

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Soviet artist Ekaterina Sergeevna Zernova 1900-1995

Soviet artist Ekaterina Sergeevna Zernova (19 April 1900-1995)

Collective farmers welcome tankmen during maneuvers. 1937. Soviet artist Ekaterina Sergeevna Zernova (19 April 1900-1995)

Soviet artist Ekaterina Sergeevna Zernova
Born 19 April 1900, Ekaterina Sergeevna Zernova (Simferopol) – Member of the Moscow Union of Soviet Artists (1932), book illustrator, poster and monumental artist. Daughter of the curator of the Natural History Museum of the Tavrichesky provincial zemstvo. When she was 14 years old, the family moved to Moscow. There she studied in private studio of F.Rerberg (1915-1918). Later, she studied at the State Free Art Studios – Vhutemas (1919-1924). First, it was the workshop of I. Mashkov, and then A. Shevchenko and D. Shterenberg. Meanwhile, alongside with artistic education she studied at the Physics and Mathematics Faculty of Moscow University (1917-1924).
She joined the artistic group OST and in 1925 presented her works at the first exhibition. In the late 1920’s, within the framework of this society she conducted active public work. In particular, she decorated clubs, created wall newspapers, and cartoons. Also, illustrated several books, including children’s books, for the publishing houses “Mediator”, and “Gosizdat”. Engaged in a poster, she led agitation work to combat illiteracy, and even designed the “Poster alphabet.”
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Favorite women of Soviet director Leonid Gaidai

Favorite women of Soviet director Leonid Gaidai

Favorite women of Soviet director Leonid Gaidai

Favorite women of Soviet director Leonid Gaidai

In the life of the great comedian Leonid Gaidai there were only three main women: mother, wife and daughter. However, in the cinematic life, there were more – about a hundred. These are the actresses who played in the films of Leonid Iovich. Unfortunately, today, almost no one remembers most of them, and this is unfair. Without them, without their talented play, there would not be a wonderful director Leonid Gaidai and his kind comedies that millions of people know and love. And although their characters are sometimes naive, awkward, or silly, we admire and enjoy their faultless game. Thanks to the wonderful charisma of these masters of comedy genre, we want to review these masterpieces again and again. Rina Zelenaya, Nina Grebeshkova, Natalia Selezneva, Svetlana Svetlichnaya, Natalya Varley, Nonna Mordyukova and many others – Favorite women of Soviet director Leonid Gaidai.
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