Soviet Art

USSR Culture

Category Archive: Soviet Art

Soviet artist Mikhail Bozhyi

Soviet artist Mikhail Bozhyi. Nurse, 1955, oil on canvas

Nurse, 1955, oil on canvas/ Painting by Soviet artist Mikhail Bozhyi

Soviet artist Mikhail Bozhyi (1911 – 1990) – People’s Artist of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1963), a full member of the Academy of Arts of the USSR (1962). In the portraits revealed the inner significance of the person. Mikhail Bozhyi was born September 20, 1911 in Odessa. From 1930 to 1933 he studied at the Moscow Art College (1872 – 1949). In 1936, Mikhail and his wife moved to Odessa. He worked as an animator at the Odessa film studio. He first exhibited his work in 1938 at the Regional Art Exhibition. Mikhail Bozhyi made his debut with a few portrait sketches. During the Great Patriotic War, the artist, due to the state of health, did not go to the front, and created war posters and satirical drawings.
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Soviet artist Mikail Abdullayev

Soviet artist Mikail Abdullayev

Soviet artist Mikail Abdullayev (Mikail Husein oglu Abdullayev) – Azerbaijani painter and graphic artist, People’s Artist of the USSR, Corresponding Member of the USSR Academy of Arts

Soviet artist Mikail Abdullayev (December 19, 1921, Baku – August 21, 2002, Baku) – Azerbaijani painter and graphic artist, People’s Artist of the USSR (1963), member of the Academy of Arts (1988). He studied at the Azerbaijan Art College (1935-39) and the Moscow Art Institute of Surikov (1939-49) at SV Gerasimov. During the war, he was not drafted into the army due to the request of the largest Azerbaijani artist Azim Azimzade before the first secretary of the Communist Party of Azerbaijan Mirjafar Bagirov. The artist’s work is dominated by lyrical themes. Author of paintings “Evening” (1947), “Mingechevir Lights” (1948), “The builders of Happiness” (1951), “Indian series” (1957-1960), “Centennial carver A. Babayev” (1961), “Girls of Khachmaz” (1982), “Beyond the river Araks” series of drawings (1950), illustrations to the epos “Kitabi Dede Korkut” (1956) and the poem “Layla and Majnun” (1958). Mikail Abdullayev is the author of the book “Through the eyes of Baku citizen” (1962)

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Soviet Tatar artist Haris Yakupov

Soviet Tatar artist Haris Yakupov

Standing next to his painting, Soviet Tatar artist Haris Yakupov (1919-2010)

Soviet Tatar artist Haris Yakupov
The author of historical and genre paintings, portraits, and landscapes, he was an academician of the Russian Academy of Arts (1997, Corresponding Member (1973). Besides, People’s Artist of the USSR (1980), and deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR (1971-1974). In addition, he was the winner of the third degree of the Stalin Prize (1951) and RSFSR State Prize of Repin (1976). Born December 23, 1919 in Kazan, Haris Abdrahmanovich Yakupov began to draw in an early age. According to the artist, he he copied his favorite pictures from magazines and books. Then, he sold his paintings at a local market, helping his large family. Once in the street, he saw an artist at the easel, and realized that this is his calling. The talented boy easily passed the exams and entered the Kazan Art School.
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Soviet artist Konstantin Yuon 1875-1958

Soviet artist Konstantin Yuon (1875-1958). Moscow suburbs youth. 1926. Oil on canvas

Moscow suburbs youth. 1926. Oil on canvas. Soviet artist Konstantin Yuon (1875-1958)

Soviet artist Konstantin Yuon (12 October 1875 – 11 April 1958) was a master of landscapes, portraits, and genre paintings. In addition, he was a theater artist, set designer, and theorist of art. Konstantin Yuon – representative of Symbolism and Art Nouveau, organically continuing traditions in the Soviet era. After the revolution, Konstantin Yuon was one of the founders of the school of fine arts at the Moscow office of public education.
In 1920 he won first prize for the project of the curtain for the Bolshoi Theater. And a year later he became a full member of the Russian Academy of Artistic Sciences. In addition, he was a member of the Association of Artists of Revolutionary Russia (1925). For a short period, in 1938-1939 he headed the personal studio of the Russian Academy of Arts in Leningrad. In 1940, made the sketch of the mosaic design of the Palace of Soviets. In 1943 he received the Stalin Prize, and in 1947 became a member of the USSR Academy of Arts.
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Soviet artist Nadya Rusheva

Soviet artist Nadya Rusheva

Unique Soviet artist Nadya Rusheva (January 31, 1952, Ulan Bator – March 6, 1969, Moscow, USSR)

Soviet artist Nadya Rusheva had only 17 years to live, but left a huge artistic heritage – about 12,000 drawings. In fact, their exact number is impossible to calculate, because of many reasons. For example, a significant proportion – sent in the letters. Besides, she gave hundreds of illustrations to friends and acquaintances. Unfortunately, a considerable number of works for various reasons did not come back from the first exhibitions. Many of her paintings are in the museum of Leo Tolstoy in Moscow, and in the museum-branch named after Nadya Rusheva in the city of Kyzyl. Also, in the Pushkin House of St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences, the National Culture Fund, the Municipal Museum in Sarov, and the Pushkin Museum in Moscow.
Among Nadya’s sketches were, for example, a series of drawings devoted to the ballet “Anna Karenina”. By the way, this ballet appeared on stage after the artist’s death, and a major role in it danced Maya Plisetskaya.
Noteworthy, she created her drawings without corrections, and she never used an eraser. “I see them in advance … they show through on the paper, as a watermark, and I have to repeat them in ink” – said Nadya.
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Mysterious Soviet German artist Hans Preuss

Mysterious Soviet German artist Hans Preuss. Self-portrait. Paper, oil. 1939

Mysterious Soviet German artist Hans Preuss (1904 Germany – 1984 USSR). Self-portrait. Paper, oil. 1939. Kemerovo Art Gallery

The Kemerovo Art Gallery stores paintings of Mysterious Soviet German artist Hans Preuss, a man of strange and mysterious fate. He was born on 1 September 1904 in Königsberg, Germany (now Kaliningrad, Russia). Hans studied at the Königsberg Academy of Visual Arts in 1920-1923. His teachers were Professor R. Pfeiffer and A. Degner. While studying in the Academy, he participated in numerous group exhibitions and training courses in Berlin, Dresden, Nuremberg, Munich. In 1933 Hans Preuss emigrated from Germany and visited Austria, France, Switzerland, Poland, Sweden, Finland, and finally – the USSR. Here, he got the Soviet citizenship in 1939. The World War II began. In 1942 he was evacuated to the western Siberia – the city of Novosibirsk, later moved to Tomsk (1943–1956). In 1946 he became the member of the Union of artists of the USSR. Since 1956 he lived and worked in Kemerovo. With his paintings he traveled all over Siberia – Tomsk, Omsk, Irkutsk, Barnaul. Once, in 1964 he visited his native Germany with the exhibition of his paintings in Berlin, but returned back to Siberia. Hans Preuss died at the age of 80, 2 February 1984, in the Siberian city of Kemerovo. German by nationality, communist by belief, he lived all his life in Siberia, and was the Soviet citizen.
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Soviet artist Pyotr Fomin

April smog, 1992. Soviet artist Pyotr Fomin

April smog, 1992. Soviet artist Pyotr Fomin

Art must be profoundly national, for only in this way it becomes international. Soviet artist Pyotr Fomin. The art lovers know Pyotr Fomin primarily as a poet of Russian nature, the singer of the Northern Territory. It is said that the artist is often similar to his works. With regard to the work of Fomin this statement is true. The simplicity and openness, kindness and naturalness are the features of his art and nature. These qualities Professor Fomin, rector of the oldest artistic institution of the Soviet Union – the Repin Leningrad Institute educated his students. Peter Timofeyevich Fomin (1919-1996) – Russian Soviet painter and teacher, People’s Artist of the USSR (1991), Member of the St. Petersburg Union of Artists (before 1992 – the Leningrad branch of the Union of Artists of the RSFSR). Participant of Great Patriotic War, Pyotr Fomin was awarded Order of the Patriotic War II degree (1985), medal “For Victory over Germany in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945”, medal “For the Defense of Leningrad”.
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