Soviet sculptor Andrey Faidysh
Soviet sculptor Andrey Faidysh (1920-1967) – Honored Artist of the RSFSR, winner of the Stalin Prize of the first degree (1950) – for the creation of sculptural reliefs “V. Lenin and I. Stalin – the founders and leaders of the Soviet state”; Laureate of the State Prize of the RSFSR of Repin (1967 – posthumously) – for sculptural portraits of SP Korolyov and Konstantin Tsiolkovsky (1963-1966) in a series of works devoted to the heroes of the cosmos. Corresponding Member of the USSR Academy of Arts. The most famous works of the Soviet sculptor – Monument “To the Conquerors of Space” in celebration of outstanding achievements of the Soviet people in space (Moscow, 1964). Andrey Petrovich Faidysh-Krandievsky is the author of such famous monuments in the USSR as: a monument to the heroes of the Civil War in the Far East, a monument to Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, a monument to the Bryansk guerrillas, portrait of Academician SP Korolev and other monumental works and works of easel sculpture.
Topped with a rocket monument not only immortalized the national championship of the Soviets in space exploration. The people went to space victories over the revolution and unprecedented in scale creation, through the fight against the enemy and underdevelopment, economic ruin, walking paths of the Great Patriotic War and five-year plans. Therefore, the space monument glorifies our Soviet system, the great Lenin, who in the very first years of Soviet power supported the idea of Tsiolkovsky, anticipating the cosmic era of socialism country.
Andrei Petrovich Faidysh-Krandievsky from 1943 to 1948 studied at the Moscow State Academic Art Institute of Surikov, workshops of L. Sherwood, R. Iodko and A. Matveev. He began participating in art exhibitions in 1948. Worked under the guidance of sculptor NV Tomsky, creating sculptures for Moscow skyscrapers and the Moscow metro stations. AP Faidysh worked on a cycle of reliefs on historical and revolutionary themes (1949).
Soviet sculptor Andrey Faidysh died in 1967. He was buried in Moscow at the Novodevichy cemetery.
On the central square of Bryansk stands created by Faidysh monument to soldiers-liberators and glorious Bryansk guerrillas. Older mothers who come to the city from the surrounding villages are crying, learning in carved figures wounded Tankers, young partisans, going to attack fighters their relatives … Because immortalized in bronze by sculptor colorful Russian characters, are living types of real persons.
The artist deeply and strongly experienced his every work. He tried to understand the nature of the character, person’s life he wanted to portray as much as possible. These qualities have brought in him great teachers – L. Sherwood, AT Matveev, VN Domogatsky. Many gave to their son Nadezhda Krandievskaya – known Soviet sculptor, master of psychological characteristics, and Peter Faydysh – architect, who most appreciated the true professionalism in artist. Best concept of hero, Feat, People, Motherland, have been inseparable from the first steps in the work of a young sculptor. All this has helped to successfully develop heroic theme, one of the most difficult in the art.
In 1948, he sculpted the hero of Great Patriotic War “Alexander Matrosov”, in 1949 – the Komsomol heroes, then – the heroes of the Civil War in the Far East. Red fighters and the Far Eastern guerrillas was the first monument of young sculptor in Khabarovsk, on the banks of the mighty Amur River. He began to think of this work in student days. And the creation of the monument took almost the entire decade. Faithful from a young age to the rule – always and everywhere to follow the truth of life, Andrey was frequently in the Far East, there talked with the former guerrillas. The strength and originality of their characters is in sculptural images are great.
All that he could, he knew, he could master, merged in one burst of inspiration, a concentrated creative force, when came time to create a monument to the contemporary, the Hero, which had never existed in history. Before an arrow – obelisk on a low pedestal set carved from granite figure of sitting Tsiolkovsky. Faidysh already worked on the image of the great scientist, creating in 1958 a monument in Kaluga. Then the sculptor’s attention was drawn to the portrait similarity, to the transferring the excited state of the discoverer, who stands at the rocket created by him, looking up at the distant stars. Now, Tsiolkovsky image embodies the triumph of Russian scientific thought, creativity asceticism.
“Prototype for future relief, I saw clearly …” These were for the sculptor the prototypes of his contemporaries, scientists and workers, whose portraits are recognized and simple. One of them will will recognize everyone – this is the first citizen of the universe, Yuri Gagarin. Andrei Petrovich carefully and intently, not one day, peered into the pose of Yuri Gagarin and once saw him in the state, which expressed the pathos of the first cosmonaut – earthling, the messenger of the Great Motherland. And then during all the work the sculptor kept in a creative memory this, the only true, extraordinary special state of his hero. The same high true inner spirituality is embodied in a later time, a beautiful portrait of Sergei Korolyov.