Soviet Art

USSR Culture

Soviet artist Viktor Kabanov

Lady, 1960s. Oil on canvas. Soviet artist Viktor Kabanov

Lady, 1960s. Oil on canvas. Painting by Soviet artist Viktor Kabanov

Soviet artist Viktor Kabanov (1924 – 2007) was born 16 January 1924, in a small village of Lapshinovka of Vyazovsky district of Saratov region. He was a member of the USSR Union of Artists, participant of the Great Patriotic War. After the war, wounded in the leg and shell-shocked, he returned to his native Saratov, where he studied at the Saratov school I. Shcheglov. C 1948 studied at the Moscow Institute of Applied and Decorative Arts in VG Odintsov Moscow State Art Institute. IN AND. Surikov, at PI Kotova. Author thematic paintings, portraits, Kabanov – participant of republican, all-Union and foreign exhibitions since 1953. From 1968 to 1969. Kabanov has taught at the National School of Arts in Phnom Penh, Cambodia (1968-1969). The artworks are located in the Krasnoyarsk Museum of Art, as well as in private collections in Russia and abroad: Germany, Japan, Sweden, Vietnam, Cambodia. V.Kabanov lived in Italy, was a friend of Renato Guttuso. For a long time, up to 200-s taught privately and produced a lot of very good artists. He died in 2007.
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Soviet sculptor Zair Azgur 1908-1995

The bust of Rabindranath Tagore. Soviet sculptor Zair Azgur, granite, 1956, the hall of the National Art Museum of Belarus

The bust of Rabindranath Tagore. Work by Soviet sculptor Zair Azgur (1908-1995). Granite, 1956, the hall of the National Art Museum of Belarus

Soviet sculptor Zair Azgur
Academician of the USSR Academy of Arts (1958), Corresponding Member (1947), Hero of Socialist Labor (1978), People’s Artist of the USSR (1973), Azgur was the winner of two Stalin Prize of the second degree (1946, 1948), and member of the Communist Party since 1943. His works are in the collections of the National Art Museum, the Museum of the Great Patriotic War, Memorial Museum – workshop of Zair Isaakovich Azgur (Minsk, Belarus), the State Tretyakov Gallery (Moscow), the Astrakhan Regional Picture gallery (Astrakhan, Russian Federation), the art museum of Moldova and others.
Zair Azgur was born on 2 January 1908 in the village of Molchany of Mogilev province (now Vitebsk region of Byelorussia), into a Jewish family. He graduated from the Vitebsk Art Practical Institute in 1925, his teachers were Y. Pen and MA Kerzin. In 1925-1928 Zair studied at Higher Artistic – Technical Institute in Leningrad; Art Institute of Kiev and Tbilisi Academy of Fine Arts (1928-1929).

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Soviet artist Dmitry Zhilinsky

Soviet artist Dmitry Zhilinsky (1927 – 2015). Gymnasts of the USSR. 1962. Tempera on wood. State Russian museum, St. Petersburg

Gymnasts of the USSR. 1962. Tempera on wood. State Russian museum, St. Petersburg. Soviet artist Dmitry Zhilinsky (1927 – 2015)

Soviet artist Dmitry Zhilinsky (1927-2015) focused his creativity on the eternal values ​​of the universe, nature, culture, moral and spiritual foundations of personality. Author of numerous innovative scene paintings, portraits, in which successfully reinterpreted the tradition of ancient Russian icon painting and early Renaissance painting. Dmitry Zhilinsky was the Academician of the Academy of Arts of the USSR (1988), Corresponding Member (1978), People’s Artist of the RSFSR (1987), the winner of the RSFSR State Prize of Ilya Repin (1985) and the State Prize of Russia (1999), Member of the Union of Artists of the USSR since 1954.
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Building New Country Soviet Youth

Building New Country Soviet Youth. Painting by Soviet artist KA Vyalov (1900-1976).

Building New Country Soviet Youth. KA Vyalov (1900-1976). Painting by Soviet artist KA Vyalov (1900-1976). “Magnitostroy”. 1948. Oil on canvas

The theme of Komsomol and Building New Country Soviet Youth have been widely presented in Soviet art. It was born back in the 1920s, at the time of formation of Soviet art, loudly sounded in the 1950s and became one of the leading. Revealing the nature of modernity, this topic as a reassuring leitmotif went through the labor theme, one of the most important in Soviet art – labor of Azerbaijani oil workers, the Uzbek cotton growers, the Baltic fishermen, Yakut hunters, Georgian metallurgists, Ukrainian grain farmers, and textile workers of Ivanovo. Youth Theme sounds pathetic in posters calling to the struggle for peace, and in the paintings devoted to the Soviet Army. Fresh lyrical notes to the theme brings genre painting, depicting the young contemporary – builder of a new society.
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Nostalgia for the great country

We are different, but we are together. USSR 15 republics

We are different, but we are together. Nostalgia for the great country

Nostalgia for the great country – the USSR, which we lost 25 years ago.
Looking through the comments on one of the most popular social sites, I’ve noticed that the more time passes, the more nostalgic sentiment appears in people born in the USSR. This publication – a tribute to the great country that we have lost. It was 25 years ago, the whole generation was raised not knowing about the Soviet way of life. And we understand people who can compare life in a modern society with the life in the USSR. Surprisingly, nostalgia for the Soviet Union is felt even among young people, who have never lived in the Soviet Union. Their arguments in favor of the USSR are inherited from parents and based on many other factors. The Soviet Union was a more efficient country in respect of social welfare, equality, confidence in the future than in today’s Russia. In the USSR was worshiped internationalism, the friendship of the peoples. People were kinder, morality and culture were at a higher level. Soviet society – a family-like society. Man to man was a friend, comrade and brother. Crime was much lower, salary was stable, and no unemployment. The TV did not show any rubbish. The idea united all, regardless of gender, race, nationality, and social status. There wasn’t a huge gap between people financially. There were wonderful inspirational Soviet films unsurpassed until now. Of course, this gives rise to Nostalgia for the great country.
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Soviet artist Yuri Pimenov

Wedding on tomorrow street. 1962. Soviet artist Yuri Pimenov

Wedding in tomorrow street. 1962. Painting by Soviet artist Yuri Pimenov

Soviet artist Yuri Pimenov (1903 – 1977) was a stage designer, graphic artist, teacher, professor. Academician of the Academy of Arts of the USSR (1962), Corresponding Member (1954), People’s Artist of the USSR (1970), the winner of the Lenin Prize (1967) and two Stalin Prize of the second degree (1947, 1950). Yuri Pimenov was born in Moscow in a family of lawyers. He studied at the 10th Moscow gymnasium. In 1920-1925 he studied at Higher Artistic and Technical Workshops (VHUTEMAS), painting and graphic arts department. From 1923 he worked in magazines. After graduation in 1925, he became one of the founders of the Easel Artists Society.
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Soviet artist Fyodor Reshetnikov

For Peace. 1954. Soviet artist Fyodor Reshetnikov. State Tretyakov Gallery

For Peace! 1954. Soviet artist Fyodor Reshetnikov. State Tretyakov Gallery

Soviet artist Fyodor Reshetnikov
In the Soviet art of the postwar period were relevant pictures on the theme of the struggle for peace and international solidarity of the working people, against imperialism and the threat of a new war, as well as the development of national liberation and the labor movement abroad. This theme, which could be called an international, first received intensive development in biased Russian art from the beginning of the Cold War. The first pictorial approaches to new themes have been associated with the creation of genre paintings, scenes of which were drawn from the Soviet newspaper reports about strikes and demonstrations abroad. An example of this approach is the famous painting of Fyodor Pavlovich Reshetnikov “For Peace!”, awarded the USSR State Prize in 1951. Reshetnikov clearly depicted street worker suburbs of Paris. Away – a demonstration under a red flag. Thus, the demonstration of ideologically correct, and no wonder it dispersed by police. In the foreground – a group of fearlessness children writing on the wall the magic word “Peace.”
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