Soviet Art

USSR Culture

Category Archive: Soviet Art

Soviet artists Tkachev Brothers

Soviet artists Tkachev Brothers. During the years of collectivization. Oil. 1980

Soviet artists Tkachev Brothers. During the years of collectivization. Oil. 1980

Talented Soviet artists Tkachev Brothers – Alexei and Sergei were born in the village of Chuchunovka of Bryansk region; Sergey in 1922, Alexei in 1925. People’s Artists of the USSR Alexei and Sergei Tkachev – has been working as a unique tandem since 1952. Natives of a large peasant family had to fight for their dream – to go through war and poverty. However, the ordeal only tempered character, and the theme of heroism of a common man has become central in the work of the brothers. Alongside with heroism, the theme of Russian village in the focus of the artists. Heroes of their paintings – real people, contemporaries, family, friends, neighbors in the village where they grew up. At the same time, the artists seek to create typical images, which embody the national character. Through the prism of rural life, exacerbating the effects and characteristics of the characters, Tkachev convey the “truth of time,” the drama of their country. Brothers Tkachev said: “Without the Soviet power we would become shepherds”. Their paintings are stored in many museums, including – the State Tretyakov Gallery, the Russian Museum and more than a hundred museums in Russia and the CIS countries, the US museums, Italy, China, as well as in private collections in twelve foreign countries.
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Soviet Children Learning Art

Soviet Children Learning Art

Soviet Children Learning Art

Soviet Children Learning Art … Everyone has his own, unique childhood. But there are common elements that unite several generations in one concept: the Soviet people. And all of them come from childhood. Regardless of nationality, Soviet children were brought up on the same values. Kids in kindergarten were taught to distinguish between good and bad, set an example of famous historical figures and prominent contemporaries: the heroes of war and labor, the best representatives of various professions. Children were also shown negative examples, and they were presented so pedagogically correct that caused rejection in young citizens of the USSR on a subconscious level.
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Soviet landscape painters

Soviet landscape painters. V. Dmitriev. Here fought till death

Soviet landscape painters – V. Dmitriev. Here fought till death

In the development of Soviet painting, landscape played an important role. Soviet landscape painters, along with representatives of other genres of painting not only displayed the new reality, but also expressed a new outlook in their works, a new system of feelings and thoughts of the Soviet people. In the 1930s in the Soviet Union began the era of ideologically sound method of socialist realism in art in general and painting in particular. Within its framework, however, with the help of various art forms, individual styles, techniques and methods and a variety of preferences achieved stylistic directions. Peaceful creation as the main content of the life of Soviet society, especially clearly reveals the turn of war and peace, and was a new impetus in the development of landscape painting. Widespread during the war interpretation of the nature as the background image for the front-line multiple scenes gives way to images of nature, imbued with joy and harmony. Landscape lyrical direction has received new impetus in its development.
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Soviet artist Yuly Yatchenko

Soviet artist Yuly Yatchenko. With the dream of peace. Rescuing works of Dresden Art Gallery by Soviet troops in 1945

One of the notable works of Soviet artist Yuly Yatchenko – “With the dream of peace. Rescuing works of Dresden Art Gallery by Soviet troops in 1945”. Image scanned from Soviet magazine “Ogonyok”

Soviet artist Yuly Yatchenko (born 1928, Chernigov region) graduated from Kiev art institute (1953), workshops of artists Sharonov and Grigoryev. Yuly Yatchenko worked as a head teacher, director, teacher of special disciplines in the Kiev art school named after Taras Shevchenko. He is a member of the National Union of Artists of Ukraine, Honored Worker of Arts of the Ukrainian SSR, Professor. Since 1963 he has been working at the department of drawing at the Art Institute (now – National Academy of Fine Arts and Architecture), to which he gave more than fifty years of life. Since 1979 – Professor. Yatchenko – participant of the republican and All-Union exhibitions since 1956. In the same (1956) he became a member of the National Union of Artists of Ukrainian SSR. From 1971 to 2008, he spent more than ten solo exhibitions.
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Soviet artist Yevgenia Adamova

Nobleness of being yourself. Soviet artist Yevgenia Adamova

Nobleness of being yourself. Soviet artist Yevgenia Adamova

Soviet artist Yevgenia Adamova (1913 – 1991) – People’s Artist of the Turkmen SSR (1964). Born in Livny, Oryol region, in 1932, she and her family moved to Turkmenistan, Ashgabat. She studied at the Ashgabat art school in the workshops of AI Khvorostenko and II Cherinko (1935-1939). In the formation of the artist played an important role creativity of I. Cherinko – a teacher, a friend, and later her husband. During the Great Patriotic War in Turkmenistan she worked as a poster artist of “Okna TurkmenTAG” (windows of Turkmenistan). Yevgenia Adamova is the author of thematic paintings on the life of the Turkmen people, and a series of portraits. Among the most famous paintings of the artist – “At the bed of wounded son” 1943; “At leisure” 1948; “The new song” 1950, “Nevertheless, I will study!” 1957; “Turkmen mothers to Motherland” 1967; “Happiness” 1972, and a series of portraits. Adamova was awarded the State Prize of Turkmenistan named after Makhtumkuli. Many of the works of the artist were in the Museum of Fine Arts of the Turkmen SSR (Ashgabat)
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Soviet artist Marina Uspenskaya

Soviet artist Marina Uspenskaya. Self-portrait in a bright dress. Oil on canvas. 1947

Soviet artist Marina Uspenskaya. Self-portrait in a bright dress. Oil on canvas. 1947

Soviet artist Marina Uspenskaya (June 18, 1925 – 2007) – a book illustrator, in perfection owning virtually all graphic techniques. Member of the Union of Artists of the USSR. Marina Evgenievna Uspenskaya was born in Moscow on June 18, 1925. She grew up in a family with serious artistic traditions. Her grandfather was a member of the USSR Academy of Arts painter Vasily Navozov. She studied at the Art School in memory of 1905 under the leadership of VA Shestakov (1947). She continued her education in the workshop of Book Art of Moscow State Art Institute of Surikov, where her teachers were MM Cheremnyh and VA Degtyarev. Uspenskaya was married to a famous Moscow artist, academician Boris Uspensky (1927 – 2005).
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Soviet artist Irina Vorobyova 1932-1993

Soviet artist Irina Vorobyova. Group portrait of artists. 1978

Group portrait of artists. 1978. Soviet artist Irina Vorobyova (7 September 1932 – 2 February 1993)

Soviet artist Irina Vorobyova (7.09.1932-2.02.1993) – member of the Union of Artists of the USSR (1958) and Honored Artist of the RSFSR (1979). She graduated from Moscow Art School (1943-50); Moscow Art Institute of Surikov, studio of easel graphics of People’s Artist of the USSR, academician EA Kibrik. Her teachers were M.V.Matorin, M.A.Dobrov, P.I.Suvorov, BA Dehterev, and MM Cheremnykh (1951-57). Vorobyova illustrated books in publishing houses “Children’s Literature”, “Young Guard”, “Soviet Russia”, “The Kid”. In 1986 – awarded the medal “For Labor”. She developed multi-layer printing system with one board in the technique of colored engraving on cardboard, which is unique.
Participant of All-Union, republican, international, regional exhibitions. Besides, her solo exhibitions took place in 1963, 1972, 1978, 1983, 1984, and 1992 in Moscow. In addition, in 1979 in Vladimir, in 1983 – in Izhevsk, and in 1984 – Michurinsk. Her works are in the State Tretyakov Gallery, the Pushkin Museum, 90 museums and galleries in the former Soviet Union and abroad (Bulgaria, Germany, Egypt, Italy, Finland, and France).
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