Soviet Art

USSR Culture

Soviet Russian sculptor Mikhail Pereyaslavets

Work by Soviet Russian sculptor Mikhail Pereyaslavets (born March 30, 1949 in Moscow, USSR)

The monument to three times Hero of the Soviet Union, Air Marshal Alexander Pokryshkin on Karl Marx Square in Novosibirsk. Work by Soviet Russian sculptor Mikhail Pereyaslavets (born March 30, 1949 in Moscow, USSR)

Soviet Russian sculptor Mikhail Pereyaslavets
Born March 30, 1949 in Moscow, USSR, Mikhail Vladimirovich Pereyaslavets is a Soviet and Russian sculptor, teacher, professor, painter of the Grekov studio of military artists since 1976. Academician of the Russian Academy of Arts (1997; Corresponding Member, 1992). People’s Artist of Russia (1995). He is a laureate of the RSFSR State Prize named after I. Repin (1984) and the Lenin Komsomol Prize (1976). The author of many monuments of military-patriotic significance.
One of the sculptures created by Pereyaslavets depicts so-called “Stalin’s falcon”, Stepan Pavlovich Suprun (August 2, 1907 – July 4, 1941) – Soviet test pilot, military pilot fighter and Member of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. Suprun was the first twice Hero of the Soviet Union in the Great Patriotic War (the second time – posthumously). Killed in an air battle near Vitebsk July 4, 1941.
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Soviet Russian artist Alexandr Moravov 1878-1951

Soviet Russian artist Alexandr Moravov 1878-1951

Village girl. Soviet Russian artist Alexandr Moravov 1878-1951

Soviet Russian artist Alexandr Moravov
Alexander Viktorovich Moravov was one of the artists who brought in the Russian painting of the XX century the tradition of “peasant genre”, going from the Wanderers. Honored Artist of the RSFSR (1946). Full member of the Academy of Arts of the USSR (1949). Alexander Moravov was born in the village of Velikaya Motovilovka in the former province of Kiev. His father, a well-educated man, was fond of art, and he was friends with such famous artists as N.N. Ge and M.A. Vrubel.
Surrounded by the creative atmosphere, the boy started drawing very early. Since 1888, he studied at the Kiev Art School, headed by N.I. Murashko. In 1897-1902 he studied at the Moscow University of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture, workshops of N.A. Kasatkin, K.A. Korovin, A.M. Korin and A.E. Arkhipov, who had a particularly great influence on the young man.
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Soviet sculptor Alexandr Deineka 1999-1969

Friends. 1950's. Electroplating, plasticine, pedestal - wood. Soviet sculptor Alexandr Deineka 1999-1969

Friends. 1950’s. Electroplating, plasticine, pedestal – wood. Work by Soviet sculptor Alexandr Deineka (1999-1969)

Soviet sculptor Alexandr Deineka 1999-1969

Soviet sculptor Alexandr Deineka
In addition to painting, monumental works, mosaics and decorative-applied art, Deineka is a well known as a sculptor. Today, one can not say definitely about the reasons, or the exact time of Deineka’s conversion to sculpture. Except for a brief episode of the first years of his artistic biography, when in 1920 in Kursk, at an emergency meeting of teachers at the Proletarian Art Studio, it was decided that in addition to Deineka’s painting classes, he would lead a course in sculpture. However, there is no evidence that in 1920 – 1930s, the artist showed interest in this art form. In exhibition catalogs, the artist invariably dated his first sculptures in 1939.
In any case, it is interesting to note that in the late 1930s the artist was fond of the idea of ​​three-dimensional space in art, that is, just at a time when the reaction to the appearance of his new monumental works is by no means always positive.
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Soviet Russian painter Tatyana Fyodorova

Soviet Russian painter Tatyana Fyodorova

Three Graces. 1989. Oil on canvas. Soviet Russian painter Tatyana Fyodorova

Soviet Russian painter Tatyana Fyodorova – Member of the USSR Union of Artists since 1980 and Member of the International Federation of Artists of UNESCO.
Born in 1952 in Peterhof, Leningrad, Tatyana Sergeyevna Fyodorova studied at the Secondary Art School of Ilya Repin in 1970. And in 1977 she graduated from the Institute of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture of I. Repin. She studied in the workshop of monumental painting led by Professor A. A. Mylnikov. After graduation she worked at the same institute, first as an assistant trainee at the Institute (1978-1979) and later as teacher of drawing (1978-1981). A many-awarded artist, she first received her award in 1978 – II prize at the Republican Youth Exhibition. Then followed the Diploma of the Academy of Arts of the USSR (1979), II Prize at the 7th Academic All-Union Exhibition of Young Artists and III Prize and Diploma of the Union of Artists of the USSR at the All-Union Youth Exhibition (all in 1982). Also, in 1984 she received two international awards, including Grand Prix and Gold Medal at the exhibition “Traditions and Search” (Spring Salon, Grand Palais, Paris) and The World Exhibition in Cagnes-sur-Mer, France. In addition, among her numerous Soviet awards are Prize of the Central Committee of the Komsomol of Leningrad (1985) and Diploma at the VII Republican exhibition of Russian artists (1986). Noteworthy, her painting “At The Mirror” was bought by the State Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow (1988).
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Soviet Azerbaijani artist Sattar Bahlulzade 1909-1974

Soviet Azerbaijani artist Sattar Bahlulzade 1909-1974

Bilgah. 1972. Oil on canvas. Painting by Soviet Azerbaijani artist Sattar Bahlulzade (December 15, 1909 – October 14, 1974)

Soviet Azerbaijani artist Sattar Bahlulzade (December 15, 1909 – October 14, 1974, Moscow) – People’s Artist of the Azerbaijan SSR, laureate of the State Prize of the Azerbaijan SSR. Known for his landscapes, dedicated to the nature of Azerbaijan, many of his works are in the style of impressionism.
The nature of Azerbaijan is fabulously beautiful in the artist’s canvases. Its spacious landscapes-panoramas, like wide-open windows, open the world of beauty, harmony and happiness. They are always mobile, trembling, as if filled with the living breathing of the earth. Hills, flowering trees, water and sky in the landscape of “Bilgah” (1972) merge into a single poetic element. The canvas is written in the usual for the artist, almost watercolor in its transparency, a distinct, moving a stroke that reveals the rhythmic structure of the picture.
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Soviet Russian artist Gennady Myznikov

Soviet Russian artist Gennady Myznikov

Russian winter. 1969. Oil, tempera. Painting by Soviet Russian artist Gennady Myznikov

Soviet Russian artist Gennady Myznikov – a member of the USSR Union of Artists (1961). Born in 1933 in a family worker in a small town of Orekhovo-Zuevo, Moscow region. In 1951 he graduated from Leningrad Higher Art and Industrial School named after Mukhina. The author of historical and genre paintings, landscapes, and still lifes. In the work of Myznikov, original reliability and poetic generality, monumental solemnity and the merriment of folk music.
In the permeated with humor and decorative color painting “Russian Winter” (1969) reigns typical for the artist’s atmosphere of joy and celebration. All of it – like a cheerful mosaic, recruited from individual, acute seized couplings. Here everything is very reliable and at the same time sharpened in its character. Solemn beauties in bright clothes perceived as participants of the fair carnival.
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Soviet Estonian artist Elmar Yanovich Kits 1913-1972

V.I. Lenin. 1969. Oil canvas. State art museum of Estonian SSR, Tallin. Soviet Estonian artist Elmar Yanovich Kits (1913-1972)

V.I. Lenin. 1969. Oil canvas. State art museum of Estonian SSR, Tallin. Painting by Soviet Estonian artist Elmar Yanovich Kits (27 April 1913 – 24 March 1972)

Soviet Estonian artist Elmar Yanovich Kits (27 April 1913 – 24 March 1972) – People’s Artist of the Estonian SSR, laureate of the State Prize of the Estonian SSR. Born in 1913 in Tartu, in 1939 he graduated from the Higher Art School “Pallas” in Tallinn. And in 1944-1949 he taught at the Tartu Art Institute. Elmar Kits the author of paintings, portraits, still lifes and landscapes. Characterized by a desire for analysis and a broad generalization of life phenomena (triptych “Music, ballet, fine arts”, “Builders”), emotional and coloristic refinement.
In the canvas “V. I. Lenin “(1969), the artist finds the original form of a publicistic epic. The picture of revolutionary events consists of separate “frames” framing the central figure of Lenin. This method also creates a deep associative course of disclosure of the plot and at the same time enhances the moment of authenticity of the image. The tall imaginative structure did not deprive the picture of inner warmth and deep sincerity. Noble color, softly reminiscent of a fresco, contributes to the imaginative significance of the art.
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