Soviet Art

USSR Culture

Category Archive: Sculpture

Soviet sculptor Albert Sergeyev

Soviet sculptor Albert Sergeyev (30 April 1926 - December 12, 2003). Evening in the village. Aluminum. 1985

Soviet sculptor Albert Sergeyev (30 April 1926 – December 12, 2003). Evening in the village. Aluminum. 1985

Soviet sculptor Albert Sergeyev (30 April 1926 – December 12, 2003) – member of USSR Union of Artists, Honored Artist of the RSFSR (1975), People’s Artist of the RSFSR (1986), veteran of the Great Patriotic War (1941-1945). Albert Sergeyev was born April 30, 1926 in the village of Levenko of Smolensk province. A few years later the family moved to Vyazma, where he spent his childhood. Since the age of eleven worked in the art studio, organized by a talented amateur painter Sergei Vladimirovich Zhuravlev, where he acquired initial skills of drawing, painting and composition. In 1944 he went to the front, fought in the Baltic artillery scout fighter regiment. AG Sergeev never parted with a pencil – at the request of his comrades drew their portraits for their letters to family.
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Soviet Russian sculptor Andrey Balashov

Soviet Russian sculptor Andrey Balashov. Portrait of Aguilyar. Gypsum. 1985

Soviet Russian sculptor Andrey Balashov. Portrait of Aguilyar (participant of the World Festival of Youth and Students in Moscow, the USSR). Gypsum. 1985

Soviet Russian sculptor Andrey Balashov – Member of the USSR Union of Artists (1984), Winner of the All-Union, All-Russian and international competitions on monumental art, Lenin Komsomol Prize winner (1988). Academician of the Russian Academy of Arts, Honored Artist of Russia (1997). Andrey Vladimirovich Balashov was born June 13, 1957 in the village of Malakhovka of Moscow region. He was first introduced to the art of sculpture in the local House of Pioneers. Prior to that, he painted landscapes with a variety of characters, buildings, trees, and cats – favorite animals, something similar to humans. Thus formed his addiction, acute, sensitive attitude towards the world. His art teacher N. Karmanov sought to give the pupils an idea of ​​the different types of art and taught them to see the most meaningful, valuable in life. After art school Andrey Balashov studied at the Surikov Institute, in the workshop of a prominent Soviet sculptor MF Baburin.
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Soviet sculptor Aleksandr Kibalnikov

Monument to Sergei Yesenin in Ryazan. Bronze, granite, 1975. Soviet sculptor Aleksandr Kibalnikov

Monument to Sergei Yesenin in Ryazan. Bronze, granite, 1975. Soviet sculptor Aleksandr Kibalnikov (August 9, 1912 – September 5, 1987)

Soviet sculptor Aleksandr Kibalnikov (August 9, 1912 – September 5, 1987) – People’s Artist of the USSR (1963), Laureate of Lenin (1959) and two Stalin Prizes of the second degree (1949, 1951), Full member of the USSR Academy of Arts. Member of the CPSU since 1963.
Once, visiting a workshop of Kibalnikov foreign guests asked its owner the following question: “Tell me, maestro, if you have a studio to display work?” And then the sculptor advised them to visit the capital’s Mayakovsky Square, to go to the Tretyakov Gallery, visit Brest, Saratov, Ryazan and other cities, where his monuments are installed… In fact, his works together with the works of artists of different generations are like a huge, constantly open to all art gallery. Today we can not imagine Moscow without monuments of Vladimir Mayakovsky and Pavel Tretyakov, Saratov without monuments of Lenin, NG Chernyshevsky, Ryazan – without the monument of Yesenin SA, Brest – without the memorial “Brest fortress”.
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Soviet sculptor Omar Eldarov

Soviet sculptor Omar Eldarov (born December 21, 1927). Portrait of a student. 1970, gypsum

Soviet sculptor Omar Eldarov (born December 21, 1927). Portrait of a student. 1970, gypsum

In Baku, Nakhchivan, Kirovabad and other cities of Soviet Azerbaijan were dozens of monuments to poets, revolutionaries, scientists, generals. Azerbaijani sculptors decorated their cities with such taste and skill that they were invited to other republics of the USSR. Azerbaijan has formed a sculptural school, which developed under the influence of Russian sculpture, because most of the sculptors studied in Moscow or Leningrad. But the identity traits manifested themselves more and more insistently. This is evidenced, in particular, in the work of one of the representatives of the Azerbaijani sculpture Omar Gasanovich Eldarov (born December 21, 1927). Soviet sculptor Omar Eldarov – Academician, member of Academy of Art of the USSR (1984), awarded Silver Medal of the USSR Academy of Arts (1962), the USSR State Prize (1962), Cavalier of the Order “Badge of Honor” (1980) and Order of Red Banner of Labor (1980).
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Soviet Sculptor Sergey Merkurov

Soviet Sculptor Sergey Merkurov in the studio at work on the statue of Leo Tolstoy. 1913. Photo from the archives of GS Merkurov

Soviet Sculptor Sergey Merkurov in the studio at work on the statue of Leo Tolstoy. 1913. Photo from the archives of GS Merkurov

Alexandropol (now Leninakan), where future Soviet Sculptor Sergey Merkurov was born in 1881, is famous for many crafts. Workshops of goldsmiths and copper smiths, carpenters and painters filled the streets of the commercial part of the city. From the ringing, knocking, heat, appeared in front of spectators products, rich in enchanting beauty and diversity of shapes and materials. But stone-cutters work attracted little Sergey most of all. Many months the boy spent with them helping, and finally received permission to carve Nightingale on a branch. “Perfect cutter’s roses smell better than the real ones, and his nightingale song wakes up the sunrise: in the hands of good master stone cutter everything comes to life, in the hands of bad master everything breaks down”, – Sergey was taught.
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Soviet sculptor Andrey Faidysh

Soviet sculptor Andrey Faidysh (1920-1967). Monument 'In commemoration of the outstanding achievements of the Soviet people in space exploration.' Detail of relief. Bronze, granite. 1964. Moscow

Soviet sculptor Andrey Faidysh (1920-1967). Monument ‘In commemoration of the outstanding achievements of the Soviet people in space exploration.’ Detail of relief. Bronze, granite. 1964. Moscow

Soviet sculptor Andrey Faidysh (1920-1967) – Honored Artist of the RSFSR, winner of the Stalin Prize of the first degree (1950) – for the creation of sculptural reliefs “V. Lenin and I. Stalin – the founders and leaders of the Soviet state”; Laureate of the State Prize of the RSFSR of Repin (1967 – posthumously) – for sculptural portraits of SP Korolyov and Konstantin Tsiolkovsky (1963-1966) in a series of works devoted to the heroes of the cosmos. Corresponding Member of the USSR Academy of Arts. The most famous works of the Soviet sculptor – Monument “To the Conquerors of Space” in celebration of outstanding achievements of the Soviet people in space (Moscow, 1964). Andrey Petrovich Faidysh-Krandievsky is the author of such famous monuments in the USSR as: a monument to the heroes of the Civil War in the Far East, a monument to Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, a monument to the Bryansk guerrillas, portrait of Academician SP Korolev and other monumental works and works of easel sculpture.
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Soviet sculptor Gediminas Jokubonis

Soviet sculptor Gediminas Jokubonis. Monument to the commander of the Civil War Vitovt Putna (31.3.1893 - 12.6.1937) for the city of Moletai, Lithuanian SSR. 1977

Soviet sculptor Gediminas Jokubonis (1927 – 2006). Monument to the commander of the Civil War Vitovt Putna (31.3.1893 – 12.6.1937) for the city of Moletai, Lithuanian SSR. 1977

Lithuanian Soviet sculptor Gediminas Jokubonis (1927 – 2006) – People’s Artist of the Lithuanian SSR (1977), People’s Artist of the USSR (1987), winner of the Lenin Prize (1963). Member of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union since 1965. Since 1946, he studied sculpture at the Kaunas Institute of Applied and Decorative Arts. In 1952 he graduated from Vilnius Art Institute of the Lithuanian SSR (now the Academy of Art). Since 1965 Jokubonis taught at the same institution; Professor (1974), Full member of the USSR Academy of Arts (1983). Creativity of Jokubonis is characterized by a tendency to generalized forms of concise, expressive silhouette, a compact composition. His sculpture “Mother of Pirciupiai” refers to the most famous of his works. The memorial ensemble in the village Pirciupiai, 45 km south-west of Vilnius, where German occupiers burned the village, together with its 119 inhabitants in 1944, during the Great Patriotic War. The monument was erected in 1960 and Jokubonis received the State Prize of the Lithuanian SSR, and Lenin Prize in 1963.
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