Soviet Art

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Category Archive: Sculpture

Soviet Russian sculptor Vladimir Domogatsky

Soviet Russian sculptor Vladimir Domogatsky (1876 - 1939)

Polish poet Adam Mickiewicz. Bas-relief (1917). Soviet Russian sculptor Vladimir Domogatsky (1876 – 1939)

Soviet Russian sculptor Vladimir Domogatsky (1876 – 1939) – the teacher, professor of Moscow State Art Institute (since 1937), Honored Artist of the RSFSR (1937). Born into the family of a wealthy landowner, a doctor, he spent his childhood in Switzerland. In 1897-1902 he studied law at Moscow University and took private lessons in sculpture from SM Volnukhin, and later, the painter S.V. Ivanov.
At the beginning of the 20th century he visited Paris and Italy several times, where he studied European art. A special influence on his work had the sculptors Paolo Trubetskoy and Rodin. In 1907 in Paris he studied the technique of working in marble.
After returning to Russia in 1908-1910 – he taught at the Stroganov School in Moscow. Since 1937 – Professor of the Moscow Institute of Fine Arts, Dean of the Faculty of Sculpture. Among his students were prominent Soviet sculptors Lev Kerbel, Vladimir Tsigal, and D. Mitlyansky. Meanwhile, he worked in genre of animalistic and portrait sculpture.
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Soviet sculptor-ceramist Natalya Danko 1892-1942

Soviet sculptor-ceramist Natalya Danko 1892-1942. Worker embroidering Soviet Red banner

Worker embroidering Soviet Red banner. Soviet sculptor-ceramist Natalya Danko (1892-1942)

Soviet sculptor-ceramist Natalya Danko (1892-1942) entered the history of Soviet propaganda porcelain as one of the most remarkable sculptors. For twenty-five years of creative work she has created more than three hundred figures and compositions. In particular, thematic sculptures, satirical, portrait and decorative, not counting options made in bronze, terracotta, wax and earthenware. Also, Natalia was one of the first Soviet sculptors to use porcelain in architecture. Noteworthy are 14 bas-reliefs on the theme “Dances of the Peoples of the USSR” for the metro station “Sverdlov Square”. In addition, under her leadership, a team of sculptors and artists of Leningrad porcelain factory performed porcelain bas-reliefs for the Khimki river station in Moscow (1937-1938).
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Soviet Russian sculptor Sarra Lebedeva 1892-1967

Soviet Russian sculptor Sarra Lebedeva 1892-1967

Soviet Russian sculptor Sarra Lebedeva (23 December 1892 – 7 March 1967)

Soviet Russian sculptor Sarra Lebedeva
Bright representative of Soviet art, Sarra Lebedeva was an Honored Artist of Russia (1945), Corresponding Member of the USSR Academy of Arts (1958), and Member of the USSR Union of Artists. Master of portrait sculpture, she is the author of numerous sculptural portraits of public figures, the country’s heroes, artists and writers.
Born Sarra Dmitrievna Darmolatova 23 December 1892 in St. Petersburg, she was the daughter of wealthy official and nobleman. Besides, her elder sister was a poet and translator Anna Radlova. Sarra Lebedeva studied at the School of Drawing, Painting and Sculpture, workshops of Mikhail Bernstein and Leonid Sherwood (1910-1914), and also worked in the sculpture studio of Vasily Kuznetsov (1914).
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Soviet Russian sculptor Vyacheslav Malyshkin

Soviet sculptor Vyacheslav Malyshkin. Window. Bronze. 1984

Window. Bronze. 1984. Soviet sculptor Vyacheslav Malyshkin

Soviet Russian sculptor Vyacheslav Malyshkin
Vyacheslav Malyshkin graduated from Moscow State Art Institute named after Surikov, the Faculty of Sculpture. Immediately after graduation the young artist began to work on his own, and became a member of the USSR Union of Artists. In addition, he began teaching. In particular, for many years has been teaching at a children’s art studio in the Sverdlovsk district of Moscow. Demanding from the young pupils serious attitude to work, Malyshkin himself is a hard working and responsible. For a whole year he can create no more than one or two sculptures. As before, the direct implementation of the plan anticipates the full-scale laborious work with pencil and paper. As a result, his works decorate the halls of the Tretyakov Gallery.
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Soviet sculptor Lev Golovnitsky 1929-1994

Rear to Front. Magnitogorsk. Authors - Soviet sculptor Lev Golovnitsky, architect - Yakov Belopolsky. Material - bronze, granite. Height - 15 meters

Rear to Front. Magnitogorsk. Authors – Soviet sculptor Lev Golovnitsky, architect – Yakov Belopolsky. Material – bronze, granite. Height – 15 meters

Soviet sculptor Lev Golovnitsky (10 December 1929 – 29 April 1994) – People’s Artist of the RSFSR, member of the USSR Academy of Arts, and laureate of the RSFSR State Prize of Repin. Golovnitsky worked in the style of socialist realism. His work reflects the prominent figures and important events of the Soviet state. Chelyabinsk sculptor is the author of monuments to Vladimir Lenin, “Eaglet” in Chelyabinsk, the monument “Rear – to front” in Magnitogorsk and many others. Today, without the works of the sculptor is hard to imagine Chelyabinsk and other cities of the South Urals.
Born December 10, 1929 in the city of Kurgan, already in 1932 three-year-old Lev and his family moved to Chelyabinsk. From an early age the boy showed interest in drawing. From 1944 to 1947 he worked in the art studio of the Palace of Pioneers named after Nadezhda Krupskaya.
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Soviet sculptor Nikolay Tomsky 1900-1984

Soviet sculptor Nikolay Tomsky

The soldiers and guerrillas, going into battle. High relief of the monument to Mikhail Kutuzov in Moscow. Bronze, granite. 1973. Soviet sculptor Nikolay Tomsky (6 December 1900 – 22 November 1984)

Soviet sculptor Nikolay Tomsky (6 December 1900 – 22 November 1984) –
Academician of the Academy of Arts of the USSR (1949, Corresponding Member of 1947), People’s Artist of the USSR (1960), and Hero of Socialist Labor (1970). Laureate of Lenin (1972), five of Stalin (1941, 1947, 1949, 1950, 1952) and the USSR State (1979) Prizes. Member of the CPSU (b) since 1950.
In human nature inherent desire for beauty. And art – one of the forms of human activity, revealing the most beautiful in life and especially in man. Such an understanding of the high purpose of art evolved in Tomsky for many years. He appealed to the image of the builder of the new society, the image of a Communist. As a student of the Higher School of Fine Arts in St. Petersburg, he, a former peasant and a soldier, thought about the main theme of which he will work.
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Soviet artist sculptor Evgeny Rastorguev

Village festival. 1950s, fragment. Soviet artist sculptor Evgeny Rastorguev

Village festival. 1950s, fragment. Soviet artist sculptor Evgeny Rastorguev (1920 – 2009)

Soviet artist sculptor Evgeny Rastorguev
An honored Artist of Russia, a member of the USSR Union of Artists (1953), Evgeny Rastorguev was born into a family of teachers in the village of Nikolo-Pogost of Nizhny Novgorod region. In 1940 he graduated from the Gorky Art School, and immediately began to participate in exhibitions of Soviet art. 1941-1945 – participant of the Great Patriotic War. In 1941, he became a military cartographer, and later worked in the front newspaper, participated in the erection of the first memorial museum of the Second World War – the architectural memorial complex “Svir victory”. After the war, in 1946, he enters the Institute of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture named after I.E. Repin in Leningrad, and then transferred to the Moscow State Art Institute named after VI Surikov. He studied in the workshop of SV Gerasimov. In 1953, on the recommendation of his teacher, SV Gerasimov, he was admitted to the Union of Artists. Rastorguev was a member of the famous “Group of 16”.
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