Soviet Art

USSR Culture

Soviet Russian artist Oleg Gadalov 1935-2016

Geologists, 1963 (diploma work). Oil on canvas. Painting by Soviet Russian artist Oleg Gadalov (29 August 1935 - 11 June 2016)

Geologists, 1963 (diploma work). Oil on canvas. Painting by Soviet Russian artist Oleg Gadalov (29 August 1935 – 11 June 2016)

Soviet Russian artist Oleg Gadalov

Born 29 August 1935 in the city of Ordzhonikidze, Chechen-Ingush autonomous region, Oleg Sergeevich Gadalov belonged to the Gadalov family, one of the most famous merchant families in the Yenisei province of Siberia. Aged 14 the boy entered the Central Art School at the Academy of Arts of the USSR. After graduation from the art school, in 1956, he entered the painting faculty of the Institute of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture. I.E. Repin of the USSR Art Academy. There he studied in the workshop of a prominent Soviet artist Yuri Neprintsev (1956-1963). Created by Oleg Gadalov diploma painting “Geologists” received an excellent evaluation. In particular, awarded the Diploma of the first degree at the All-Russian exhibition of diploma papers in Moscow.
Member of the USSR Union of Artists (since the 1960s), he was a permanent participant of numerous exhibitions of Soviet art. In the period of 1973-1977 he worked in the studio of the seamen of the Navy at the Central Naval Museum in Leningrad. The artist visited the Barents Sea, the city of Severomorsk, and even participated in a hike to Italy on the training ship “Smolny.” The result of the missions were sketches, created on the basis of direct observations.
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Soviet artist Boris Valentinovich Shcherbakov 1916-1995

Soviet artist Boris Valentinovich Shcherbakov 1916-1995

Red twilight. 1969. Painting by Soviet artist Boris Valentinovich Shcherbakov 1916-1995

Soviet artist Boris Valentinovich Shcherbakov – representative of socialist realism. People’s Artist of the USSR (1986), he was the winner of the Stalin Prize of the third degree (1952).
Known mainly as a landscape painter, Shcherbakov worked in the genre of historical painting, portrait, and still life. Participated in exhibitions since 1939. He received the last Stalin Prize together with a group of artists for the painting “Meeting of the Presidium of the USSR Academy of Sciences.” Also, he was the Corresponding Member of the Academy of Arts of the USSR (1973).
Born March 25 (April 7) in 1916 in Petrograd, Boris Valentinovich Shcherbakov grew up in the family of the artist VS Shcherbakov, a pupil of Ilya Repin. In 1933 he entered the All-Russian Academy of Arts, from which he successfully graduated in 1939. He studied in the workshops of I. Brodsky, V. Yakovlev, and P. Shukhmin.
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Soviet Russian artist Ivan Georgievich Drozdov

Arrival to the fleet of the first Komsomol replenishment. 1922, 1932. Painting by Soviet Russian artist Ivan Georgievich Drozdov (22 August 1880 - 26 November 1939)

Detail. “Arrival to the fleet of the first Komsomol replenishment in 1922”. 1932. Painting by Soviet Russian artist Ivan Georgievich Drozdov (22 August 1880 – 26 November 1939)

Soviet Russian artist Ivan Georgievich Drozdov
Born August 22, 1880 in the village of Vvedenskoe, Moscow Province, Ivan Georgievich Drozdov – Russian painter, and artist of decorative and applied art. Drozdov painted portraits, landscapes, and everyday scenes. After 1917 he created paintings on the themes of revolutionary history and Soviet life. Member of the Union of Artists (1918), the Association of Artists (1916, 1922), the Society of Artists of AI Kuindzhi (1917-27, with interruptions), Association of Artists of revolutionary Russia (1923-29, in 1924-26 – chairman of the Leningrad branch). Ivan Georgievich Drozdov became the member of the Union of Artists of the USSR in 1932.
He received his original art education in the 1890’s in the icon painting workshop of M. Molov and the Moscow art school of A.P. Bolshakov. Besides, Drozdov studied in Penza art college, workshop of KA Savitsky (1900-1904). In addition, he studied at the Higher Art School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture, workshops of famous Russian artists VE Makovsky, IE Repin, and VE Savinsky (1904-1910).
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Soviet theater artist Pyotr Alekseyevich Belov 1929-1988

Soviet theater artist Pyotr Alekseyevich Belov

Hourglass. 1987. Soviet theater artist Pyotr Alekseyevich Belov (October 17, 1929 – January 30, 1988)

Soviet theater artist Pyotr Alekseyevich Belov

Since the beginning of perestroika and the collapse of the Soviet Union, it has become fashionable to scold the Soviet past in newspapers, from television screens, theater scenes and paintings of artists. The wave of “denunciation and condemnation” swept over Pyotr Alekseyevich Belov as well. So, according to his friends, he seemed to burst out of creating, and one by one began to appear canvases – small in size, but grandiose in their philosophical content and fullness of thought”. However, it is easy to see that all of the artist’s paintings, which metaphorically portrayed Stalin’s repressions, he created in the period 1985-1988. In total, there were 23 paintings in the “anti-Stalin cycle. Of course, they were up to date, on the wave of popularity and used as illustrations to anti-soviet and anti-Stalin articles. Interestingly, in the early 1990s, took place the premiere of the American film “Stalin” in Moscow. The film began with a panorama of the works of Pyotr Alekseyevich Belov.
Meanwhile, Pyotr Alekseyevich Belov (October 17, 1929 – January 30, 1988), Honored Artist of the RSFSR (1978), member of the USSR Union of artists (1974-1988) was mainly a theater artist.
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Soviet Russian ceramic artist Mikhail Kopylkov

Decorative figure. The gardener. 1975. Chamotte, salt, glaze. Directorate of exhibitions of the Union of Artists of the USSR. Soviet Russian ceramic artist Mikhail Kopylkov

Detail of Decorative figure. The gardener. 1975. Chamotte, salt, glaze. Directorate of exhibitions of the Union of Artists of the USSR. Soviet Russian ceramic artist Mikhail Kopylkov

Soviet Russian ceramic artist Mikhail Kopylkov
Born in 1946 in Leningrad, Mikhail Kopylkov graduated from Leningrad Higher Art and Industrial School named after Vera Mukhina (1969). He joined the USSR Union of Artists in 1975.
Annual exhibitions “One Composition” were of great importance for the history of Soviet Leningrad ceramics, the first of which took place in 1977. According to the charter, the artist could put out only one work, which he chooses himself. A month later, a large exposition “Ceramics of Leningrad” became the first serious review of Leningrad ceramics in the last five years. Criticism rated it as one of the most interesting phenomena in decorative art. The notion of “school of Leningrad ceramics” appeared.
Meanwhile, since the beginning of the 1970s, a group of young artists-ceramists, graduates of the Leningrad Higher Art and Industrial School has been actively working in the city on the Neva. In particular, A. Zadorin, N. Savinova, V. Gorislavtsev, V. Tsyvin, L. Solodkov, N. Gushchina, O. Nekrasov-Karateeva and others. Among them one of the brightest figures was Mikhail Kopylkov.
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Soviet Uzbek artist Abdulkhak Abdullayev 1918-2001

Portrait of Hero of Socialist Labor Nazarali Niyazov. Oil. 1949. Painting by Soviet Uzbek artist Abdulkhak Abdullayev (30 December 1918 - 29 October 2001)

Portrait of Hero of Socialist Labor Nazarali Niyazov. Oil. 1949. Painting by Soviet Uzbek artist Abdulkhak Abdullayev (30 December 1918 – 29 October 2001)

Soviet Uzbek artist Abdulkhak Abdullayev

Honored Art Worker of the Uzbek SSR Abdulkhak Abdullayev was born in 1918 in the city of Turkestan. The boy showed his art abilities very early. “I was very fond of animals,” recalls the artist. He watched them with interest, recognized their habits, character, and then tried to depict them. Sometimes molded them out of ordinary clay or painted them on the wall of the house. Such were the first steps of the future artist in the art. In 1928, the boy entered the school of K. Liebknecht in the village of Lunacharsky, located near Tashkent.
Pupils of this school, along with other subjects, got acquainted with the basics of drawing. The artist recalls that these lessons were for him the most fascinating. Abdulhak spent his free time after school drawing. The successes of the young artist in this subject attracted the attention of the teachers of the school. And, first of all, AP Grintsevich, who in every possible way strove to support Abdulhak’s desire to “study as an artist”.
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Soviet opera singer Zara Dolukhanova 1918-2007

Soviet opera singer Zara Dolukhanova (15 March 1918, Moscow, Russia – 4 December 2007 Moscow, Russia)

Soviet opera singer Zara Dolukhanova (15 March 1918, Moscow, Russia – 4 December 2007 Moscow, Russia)

Soviet opera singer Zara Dolukhanova

Active during the 1940s through the 1960s Zara Aleksandrovna Dolukhanova (15 March 1918, Moscow, Russia – 4 December 2007 Moscow, Russia) was fairly recognized as one of the leading representatives of the Russian Soviet school of chamber music. And this, of course, is fair. In her art, many of the characteristic features of the Russian vocal school, which originated, as we know, from Glinka, have concentrated. It is no coincidence that his romances invariably enter the concert programs of the singer. As an independent creative direction, the Russian school of chamber singing finally emerged at the beginning of the 20th century, when the performers presented a detailed panorama of the Russian romance, beginning with Glinka and ending with Rachmaninoff. With honed, filigree skill, the singer transmits the unique originality of Baroque music, the works of ancient Italian masters, Viennese classics, romantic composers, French impressionists, Soviet and foreign composers.
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