Soviet Art

USSR Culture

Soviet Armenian artist Alexander Bazhbeuk Melikyan

Soviet Armenian artist Alexander Bazhbeuk Melikyan

The magician. 1965. Oil on canvas. Yerevan. Painting by Soviet Armenian artist Alexander Bazhbeuk Melikyan (1891—1966)

Soviet Armenian artist Alexander Bazhbeuk Melikyan
The small canvas “The magician” (1965) clearly manifests the coloristic mastery of the artist, his special festive attitude. Like a fairy, a young girl is preparing some kind of mysterious transformation. Femininity and grace are not only in the figure of the magician, but in the painting itself – in the noble harmony of the golden and red tones of the attire, in the overflows and flashes of the background.
Born in 1891 in Tiflis, Alexander Aleksandrovich Bazhbeuk-Malikyan died in 1966 in the same place. From 1904 to 1910 he studied at the school of painting and sculpture of the Caucasian Society for the Promotion of Fine Arts in Tiflis. Then in the studio of VN Mashkov in Moscow (1910 – 1911) and at the Academy of Fine Arts in Petersburg (1911-1913). The author of genre paintings, portraits, and landscapes, Bazhbeuk-Melikyan found his subject early, which remained unchanged in all his further work. He sings of female beauty in portraits, circus scenes, in numerous “bathers”, “naked”, in compositions that do not have a certain plot (“Optical illusion”, “At the table with a dog”, “Four figures”). All these works each time in a new way discover the world of pure plastics and perfection.
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Soviet Estonian artist Evald Okas 1915-2011

Soviet Estonian artist Evald Okas (28 November 1915 – 30 April 2011)

Hiroshima. 1965. Oil on canvas. The State Art Museum of Estonia. Tallinn. Painting by Soviet Estonian artist Evald Okas (28 November 1915 – 30 April 2011)

Soviet Estonian artist Evald Okas – People’s Artist of the USSR, Corresponding Member of the Academy of Arts of the USSR, and Honorary Member of the Florence Academy of Arts.
In the painting “Hiroshima” (1965), figures of people, shimmering silhouettes appear on a restless, hostile background. They seem charred in the colorful fire. A bright glow breaks from the center of the canvas, emerges through the rigid contours of the figures. All this fills the picture with mournful drama, and sounds like a formidable warning.
Born in 1915 in Revheim (now Tallinn), in 1941 Evald Karlovich Okas graduated from the Faculty of Painting of the Tallinn State College of Applied Arts. First time he participated in exhibition of Soviet Art in 1939. During the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945 he was in the Soviet Army and served in a team of Estonian artists in Yaroslavl. Since 1944 he taught at the Art Institute of the Estonian SSR and Tallinn (since 1954 – professor).
Okas is the author of thematic paintings, portraits, and landscapes. The artist’s canvases store his immeasurable excitement in the face of large and small phenomena and events of the present day, interest in fates and people’s characters. Among his major works – “Residents of the Coast, Fishermen”, “Plant Construction”, “Horsemen”, “Burning Tiger”, “Estonian Girls”, and more.
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Soviet Moldavian artist Mikhail Greku 1916-1998

Soviet Moldavian artist Mikhail Greku

Seeing off. Canvas, oil. 1965. Museum of the Moldavian USSR, Kishinev. Soviet Moldavian artist Mikhail Greku (22 November 1916 – 9 April 1998)

Soviet Moldavian artist Mikhail Greku (Mikhai Grecu) – Laureate of the State Prize of the USSR (1990), Honored Artist of the Moldavian SSR. Born 22 November 1916 in the village of Faranovka (now Odessa region), Mikhai Grecu studied at the Academy of Fine Arts in Bucharest (1937 – 1940). In 1947 he graduated from the Republican Art College in Kishinev. Greku is the author of paintings, landscapes, and still lifes. First of all, he was one of those artists who was purposefully seeking to enrich the language of modern painting. The sphere of his creative search includes the comprehension of the traditions of folk art, and the development of new principles of poetic narrative and pictorial metaphors. And also the experiments in the field of textural expressiveness (the triptych The History of One Life).
Meanwhile, in the painting “Seeing Off” (1965), the artist turns to his favorite theme – the life of the Moldovan village. The artist shows off the new recruits as a traditional autumn holiday. In the depiction of people, the acute characteristic is combined with the typical, which gives the images both authenticity and poetry at the same time. The artist creates the feeling of the holiday through juicy decorative elegance of the painting itself.
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Soviet Ukrainian artist Mikhail Ryasnyansky 1926-2003

Komsomol wedding. 1970. Soviet Ukrainian artist Mikhail Ryasnyansky 1926-2003

Komsomol wedding. 1970. Painting by Soviet Ukrainian artist Mikhail Ryasnyansky 1926-2003

Soviet Ukrainian artist Mikhail Ryasnyansky

Born May 17, 1926 in the old Russian city of Taganrog, Mikhail Ryasnyansky showed his artistic abilities since the early age. Even a 3 year-old boy, in a kindergarten, he was called “artist”. Noteworthy, aged 10, during an art exhibition in Moscow, he received an award – diploma of fist degree, even among adult participants.
Mikhail Ryasnyansky participated in the Great Patriotic War – from September 1943 to April 1944. He was an ordinary of 305 infantry regiment of the 108th Guards Rifle Division. However, demobilized in connection with a serious wound and concussion. Awarded the Order of the Patriotic War II degree and medals: “For courage”, and “For victory over Germany”.
After demobilization, in 1944-1947 he studied at the Rostov Art College of M.B.Grekov. Then, worked in the Rostov branch of the art fund (1948-1950). In addition, he studied at the painting faculty of the Kiev Art Institute, workshops of prominent Soviet artists T. Yablonskaya and S. Grigoriev (1950-1956).
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Soviet Ukrainian artist Leonid Chichkan 1911-1977

Soviet Ukrainian artist Leonid Chichkan (August 21, 1911 - December 13, 1977)

Hutsuls sign an appeal for a pact of peace. 1952. Painting by Soviet Ukrainian artist Leonid Chichkan (August 21, 1911 – December 13, 1977)

Soviet Ukrainian artist Leonid Chichkan

Born August 21, 1911 in Ekaterinodar, Kuban region of Russia, Leonid Ilyich Chichkan graduated from the Krasnodar Art College (1933). After graduation, he entered the Kharkov Art Institute. Unfortunately, he was not able to finish the institute due to the WWII. Member of the Great Patriotic War, he was awarded the Order of Glory 3rd degree, and medals. After the war, in 1945 he graduated from the Kiev Art Institute (workshop of A. Shovkunenko). Member of the Union of Artists of the Ukrainian SSR, he was a permanent participant of republican, all-Union and foreign exhibitions of Soviet art (since 1942). In addition to painting, the artist taught at the Kiev Art Institute (since 1952), and since 1971 – a professor. Honored Artist of the USSR (1969).
Master of still life, landscape and portrait painting, as well as genre paintings, he mainly painted on the theme of the life of Hutsuls. Famous works of the artist: “We will revenge” (1945), “Blue Distances” (1953), “Ukrainian Souvenirs” (1957), “Olexa Dovbush” (1959-60), “Spring” (1968), “Celebration. 1939” (1970), “To Partisans” (1975), and “Evening in the Carpathians” (1976).
Leonid Ilich died on December 13, 1977 (Kiev, Ukrainian SSR). His works are in the museums, galleries and private collections in Ukraine, Russia and abroad.
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Soviet artist Nikolay Belyayev 1916-2004

Soviet artist Nikolay Belyayev (28 May, 1916 - 18 December, 2004)

Happy. 1949. Painting by Soviet artist Nikolay Belyayev (28 May, 1916 – 18 December, 2004)

Soviet artist Nikolay Belyayev

Born in the city of Tsaritsyn, Nikolai Yakovlevich Belyaev showed his interest in drawing since childhood. First, he visited the private studio of the artist Durnao. Later, he studied at the Moscow State Academic Art School in memory of 1905 (1936-1940), workshops of PI Petrovichev, SI Frolov, GN Gorelov, and KI Finogenov. Then, he perfected his education in the Studio of Military Artists of M.B.Grekov (1939-1942).
Veteran of WWII, he was the correspondent of the front-line newspaper “Red Warrior” and the magazine Krasnoarmeets (1942). Participated in the fighting in the 16th Army. In 1942, seriously wounded, he lost his left hand. Perseverance and hard work helped him to continue his journey in art. He was awarded with orders: Patriotic War I degree, Labor Red Banner, Friendship of Peoples and medals “For Military Merit”, “For Victory over Germany in the Great Patriotic War”, etc.
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Soviet artist Gennady Sidorovich Mosin 1930-1982

Soviet artist Gennady Sidorovich Mosin

Nineteen eighteenth. 1963-1965. Volgograd art meseum. Soviet artist Gennady Sidorovich Mosin (in co-authorship with M.Sh. Brusilovsky)

Soviet artist Gennady Sidorovich Mosin

In the painting “Nineteen eighteenth” (1963-1965), the artist managed to create a vivid and effective image of a revolutionary impulse and an entourage. Here everything is filled with high pathetic: the severity and passion of people, piercing contrast of colors, hard, steel rhythm of lines. The concentrated minds generalize the thoughts and feelings of the revolutionary masses. The whole energy of the picture concentrated in the figure of Lenin, the orator, who addresses the crowd with an ardent appeal.
Born January 26, 1930, in the village of Kvmenno-Oesrsky of Sverdlovsk region, Mosin always felt himself cultivated by the Urals, its nature and its cultural and historical environment. He inherited from his ancestors, indigenous Uralians, a sense of devotion and love for everything that gave him life and talent.
First, Gennady Mosin graduated from the Sverdlovsk Art School. And later, in 1957 he graduated from the Institute of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture of I.E. Repin.
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Soviet landscape painter Eduard Bragovsky

Next to the window. 1981. Oil on canvas. Soviet landscape painter Eduard Bragovsky

Next to the window. 1981. Oil on canvas. Soviet landscape painter Eduard Bragovsky (October 6, 1923, Tiflis – August 6, 2010, Moscow)

Soviet landscape painter Eduard Bragovsky

Born in 1923 in Tbilisi, Eduard Georgievich Bragovsky graduated from the Moscow State Art Institute of VI Surikov (1953). He studied in the workshop of PI Kotov. Author of genre paintings, landscapes, portraits, and still lifes. Painting by Bragovsky differs spectacular colorful, joyful, and major sound. The richness of color development serves for the artist a bright emotional interpretation of nature. According to the Moscow based artist, he proudly belongs to the “sixties” (1960s). The sixties of the last century, when a young artistic movement was born from the “thaw”, changed the development of Russian fine arts. This movement gave so many fine artists: Pavel Nikonov, Nikolai Andronov, Ivan Sorokin, Viktor Popkov, Tair Salakhov, Albert Papikyan, Peter Ossovsky, Heliya Korzhev, and Mikhail Ivanov … Meanwhile, today this movement in the West is called “Russian impressionism” for some reason.
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Soviet artist Ivan Andreyevich Yazev 1914-2011

Soviet artist Ivan Andreyevich Yazev 1914-2011

On the roof of a house. 1949. Soviet artist Ivan Andreyevich Yazev (27 August, 1914 – 17 May, 2011)

Soviet artist Ivan Andreyevich Yazev

Born August 27, 1914 in Romanovskaya stanitsa, now Rostov region, Ivan Andreevich Yazev studied at the Rostov Art College (1931-1935). His teachers were M.B. Grekov and A.M. Chernykh. After graduation, he worked at the Rostov Association of Artists “Rostov Art” (ROSTIZO) for 3 years. Meanwhile, in 1938 he entered the Moscow State Art Institute of V.I. Surikov. Yazev studied in the workshops of outstanding Soviet painters A.V.Lentulov, A.A. Deineka, and S.V. Gerasimov. Unfortunatelly, the artist had to interrupt his study because of WWII. Member of the Great Patriotic War, Ivan Andreyevich Yazev fought on the Volkhov, 2-nd Ukrainian, and 3rd Ukrainian fronts, as commander of a rifle battalion. His military awards include the Order of Alexander Nevsky and the Patriotic War of the 1st degree, medals “For Courage”, “For Victory over Germany in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945”, “For the Taking of Budapest”, and “For the Taking of Vienna”.
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Soviet artist Askhat Safargalin 1922-1975

Schoolgirl. 1958. Soviet artist Askhat Safargalin 1922-1975

Schoolgirl. 1958. Oil. Painting by Soviet artist Askhat Safargalin (8 August, 1922 – August 26, 1975)

Soviet artist Askhat Safargalin
Born 8 August 1922 in the village of Staroye Kurmashevo in Tatarstan, Askhat Gazizulinovich Safargalin studied in the Kazan art school (1938-1941). However, the artist had to interrupt his study due to the WWII. Veteran of Great Patriotic war, awarded with military awards, he was able to return to his study only after war (1945-1947). In addition, he studied in Kharkov art institute, workshops of prominent Soviet artists A. Kokel, P. Kotov, M. Rybalchenko and L. Chernov (1947-1953). Participant of republic, All-Union and foreign exhibitions of Soviet art, he became a member of the USSR Union of artists in 1958. Besides, personal exhibitions of the artist took place in 1954 and 1977. Honored Artist of the USSR (1968), Safargalin mainly worked in the field of genre and easel painting.
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