Soviet Art

USSR Culture

Soviet Tatar artist Ildar Kasimovich Zaripov 1939-2012

Soviet Tatar artist Ildar Kasimovich Zaripov 1939-2012

In the field. Painting by Soviet Tatar artist Ildar Kasimovich Zaripov (15 November 1939 – 14 June 2012)

Soviet Tatar artist Ildar Kasimovich Zaripov

Born 15 November 1939 in Kazan, Ildar Kasimovich Zaripov grew up in a large Tatar family. The talent for drawing appeared at an early age. After graduating from the Kazan Art College (1961), he entered the Moscow Art Institute named after V.Surikov. There began the artist’s creative development. He specialized in the easel painting, and studied in the workshop under the guidance of People’s Artist of the USSR DK Mochalsky. At the end of his studies he entered the creative workshop of Geliy Korzhev – famous Soviet artist.
One of the distinctive features of his style is the decorative expressiveness that is consonant with the folkloric sources of the culture of the Tatar people. For a long and fruitful creative life he created dozens of masterpieces that entered the Golden Fund of Cultural Heritage of the Tatar people and Russia.
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Soviet artist Grigory Mikhailovich Shegal 1889-1956

Soviet artist Grigory Mikhailovich Shegal 1889-1956

On the escalator, Moscow Metro 1941-1943. Oil on canvas. Painting by Soviet artist Grigory Mikhailovich Shegal (1889-1956)

Soviet artist Grigory Mikhailovich Shegal

Born in 1889, Grigory Mikhailovich Shegal is a talented Soviet painter, the author of paintings on the historical-revolutionary and everyday themes. The wonderful landscape painter, Grigory Mikhailovich Shegal was a man of broad artistic interests, high culture and an active life position. However, the path to professional activity was long and difficult for Shegal. Reading the biography of the master, you involuntarily marvel at his diligence, perseverance and purposefulness.
Born in the provincial city of Kozelsk, the future artist lost his father very early. So, talented and versatile gifted self-taught – he had to earn his own bread from childhood. The only rejoicing for him was reading. It awoke in him an unconscious desire to transfer to fragments of paper images born in the soul, inspired by books and impressions of the surrounding world.
A conscious desire to become an artist appeared a little later when he worked as an apprentice in the engraving workshop in Smolensk. Spending all his meager earnings for classes with a tutor, Shegal for three years prepared for passing the external examinations for the certificate of maturity and successfully withstood them. Next, he moved to St. Petersburg, where in 1912 he entered the Drawing School of the Society for the Encouragement of Arts. Here he studied in the workshops of such prominent Soviet masters as Nikolay Rerikh and Arkady Rylov. In 1917-1918, Shegal spent a short time at the Academy of Arts, workshops of G. Zaleman and I. Bilibin and completed his professional education in 1925, being a mature man.
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Soviet sculptor Vasily Alekseevich Vatagin 1883-1969

Soviet sculptor Vasily Alekseevich Vatagin (1883-1969)

Penguin with baby. 1960 Wood sculpture. The State Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow. Work by Soviet sculptor Vasily Alekseevich Vatagin (1883-1969)

Soviet sculptor Vasily Alekseevich Vatagin

Born in Moscow in 1883, Vasily Alekseevich Vatagin – Russian animal painter, sculptor and scientist-zoologist. The founder of the Darwin Museum, Alexander Fedorovich Kotts, was one of the first to draw attention to the talent of the young artist. Practically from the very foundation of the museum in 1907, the collaboration of the painter and sculptor V.A. Vatagin and director of the museum A. F. Kotts began. Vatagin, rightfully considered co-founder of the Darwin Museum has created more than 400 paintings, as well as about 100 sculptural works for 40 years of work.
Since childhood he was fond of drawing, and aged 15 he attended the studio of watercolor artist NA Martynov. In 1902, Vasily entered the natural department of the Physics and Mathematics Faculty of Moscow University. Also, he studied at the studio of the painter K. Yuon.
After graduating from the university, the artist made several trips to the zoological gardens of Western Europe, visited Central Asia, India, and northern Russia. There he performed a large number of sketches of animals and birds, which later became indispensable helpers in various works. Among them – zoological illustration, easel painting, book illustration and sculpture.
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Soviet Russian avant-garde artist Pavel Filonov

Soviet Russian avant-garde artist Pavel Filonov

I.V. Stalin. 1936. Painting by Soviet Russian avant-garde artist Pavel Filonov (January 8, 1883, Moscow – December 3, 1941, Leningrad)

Soviet Russian avant-garde artist Pavel Filonov – a genius of the Soviet avant-garde. The famous, mysterious and largely unknown yet artist and man. December 3, 2018 was exactly 77 years since the day of his death. Filonov died in the most difficult winter of 1941 in Leningrad. Exhausted to the extreme, he guarded his house, and most importantly, his work – the work of all life, from the “lighters” on the icy attic of the house. Once fell down, and the next day he could not get up any more. He died of pneumonia and dystrophy.
What was he like? Tall, big, with “cherry eyes and pale cheekbones …” – wrote a friend of Filonov poet Velimir Khlebnikov, with whom they made friends in 1910. He also told about his friend: “I met an artist and asked if he would go to war. He replied: “I, too, am at war, not for space, but for time. I’m sitting in the trench and taking a scrap of time from the past. My duty is equally heavy, as the troops for space … “.
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Soviet Russian actress Galina Polskikh

Soviet Russian actress Galina Polskikh

Soviet Russian actress Galina Polskikh

Soviet Russian actress Galina Polskikh
“… I think that I became an actress not accidentally,” says Galina Polskikh, “when I was playing, I filled a terrible emptiness in my life, I lived in an imaginary world.”
Born in Moscow on November 27, 1939, Galina Polskikh Soviet Russian theater and film actress.
Galina practically does not remember her parents: during the war, when she was only three years old, her father was killed at the front, and in 1947 her mother died from anemia. Therefore, at the age of 8, Galina was in the orphanage. However, she didn’t stay there for long. Soon her maternal grandmother, Efrosinia Andrianovna, moved to Moscow from Kaunas and took care of her grandchildren. They settled in the former parental 9-meter basement room in Sretenka. Their house was opposite the store “Mushrooms-berries”, where the grandmother got a job as a cleaner.
After graduating from school in 1956, Galina Polskikh decided to go to All Union Institute of Cinematography. According to Polskikh, at first, she even did not understand that acting was not just a game, but a profession, work. She entered the course to famous Soviet film director Mikhail Ilyich Romm.
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Soviet Russian artist Mikhail Davidovich Natarevich

Painting by Soviet Russian artist Mikhail Davidovich Natarevich (September 29, 1907 – February 23, 1979)

At the old apple tree. 1977. Oil, canvas. Painting by Soviet Russian artist Mikhail Davidovich Natarevich (September 29, 1907 – February 23, 1979)

Soviet Russian artist Mikhail Davidovich Natarevich
Born September 29, 1907 in Vitebsk, Mikhail Davidovich Natarevich received his first art education in Vitebsk, in the studio of Yu. Peng, a painter and teacher who graduated from the Imperial Academy of Arts in St. Petersburg. Natarevich – Russian Soviet artist, painter, member of the Leningrad organization of the Union of Artists of the RSFSR. In 1932 he came to Leningrad and entered the preparatory classes at the All-Russian Academy of Arts. And two years later he became a student of the painting faculty of the Leningrad Institute of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture named after I. Repin. His teachers in drawing were M. Bernstein and S. Abugov, and teacher in painting – Alexander Savinov.
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Soviet Russian artist Grigory Ivanovich Gurkin 1870-1937

Painting by Soviet Russian artist Grigory Ivanovich Gurkin (12 January 1870 - 11 October 1937)

Altayka (Altay woman) in Chegedek, 1911. Oil on canvas. Painting by Soviet Russian artist Grigory Ivanovich Gurkin (12 January 1870 – 11 October 1937)

Soviet Russian artist Grigory Ivanovich Gurkin
Born in 1870 in the village of Ulala (now Gorno-Altaisk), Grigory Gurkin was an Altai artist, a student of Ivan Shishkin. By origin he was Altaian, a descendant of Telenget khan Konnay. Aged 8, Gurkin attended the icon-painting class of the Altai spiritual mission school. After graduating from the missionary school, he worked as a teacher for a while, but soon turned to icon painting. In 1896 Gurkin got acquainted with the collector of Altai folklore, AV Anokhin, who discovered the world of contemporary painting to a young artist.
The first picture, with which he tried to get to the Academy (“Night of the victim”), full of mystery and naivety. Orthodox by birth and education, the artist very vaguely depicted the life and religion of the Altaians. Only later, during the creative dawn, the author became seriously engaged in the study of the Altai way of life. Noteworthy, he left thousands of drawings, which also have an ethnographic value.
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