Soviet Art

USSR Culture

Soviet political-propaganda poster

Soviet political-propaganda poster. L. Nepomnyashchy. Moscow - the capital of the Olympic Games - 80. 1979

Soviet political-propaganda poster. L. Nepomnyashchy. Moscow – the capital of the Olympic Games – 80. 1979

Soviet political-propaganda poster
The history of the Soviet state in the poster as the most widespread and popular form of visual art – known to everyone. People in the USSR met it everywhere, in the shops of factories, collective farms, institutions, schools, building sites, on the streets of towns and villages. Soviet poster is descended from the best examples of Russian graphic art. In it, as in a mirror, reflected life. Truly, no appreciable moment passed by a poster artist. That is why it can’t be argued that the poster captured the history of the USSR, its visual image.
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Young Soviet artists painting Friendship

Young Soviet artists painting Friendship. Andrey Multansky 12 years old. Shepherd. Gouache

Young Soviet artists painting Friendship. Andrey Multansky 12 years old. Shepherd. Gouache

Young Soviet artists painting Friendship

‘Young artist’ – a monthly magazine of the Union of Artists of the USSR, the Academy of Arts of the USSR, the Central Committee of the Young Communist League, founded in July 1936. The magazine introduced its readers with the best works of world and national classics, taught an understanding of professional subtleties, held various competitions of children’s drawings. The 1991 art contest, the “Colors of friendship” was a special, and the last – it was the year of the collapse of Soviet Union. Under the terms of the competition were taken pictures from all the republics of the USSR and edges, made in different techniques, as well as works of decorative – applied art. At the end of the competition were organized exhibitions in Moscow, cities of the Soviet Union and abroad. The participants were awarded diplomas, winners – prizes. In the competition could participate young artists aged from 6 to 16 years. Political ideals can fade, economic concepts can crumble, but moral values ​​are eternal. Love, friendship, good human relationship are alive and strong ties bind people of different nationalities. Especially children.
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Revolutionary Era First Soviet toys

Revolutionary Era First Soviet toys. Pilot. Aircraft. Board Game 'On the way characters'. 1930s

Revolutionary Era First Soviet toys. Pilot. Aircraft. Board Game ‘Following the path of heroes’. 1930s

Revolutionary Era First Soviet toys

Immediately after the revolution, the need for a toy has become a requirement of life. But in the country, fighting on the front, and then selflessly restoring the destroyed economy, there were not, and could not be companies that produced such products. It is no coincidence one of the first government regulations partially permitted free trade in toys, among other handicrafts. In the 1920s and even the 30s in different parts of the USSR, especially in the provinces, the most common and affordable remained homemade toy. It was made for and by the children themselves, as well as single artisans, selling their simple goods in the markets and fairs. Living in the distant cities and villages, they kept folk art features in their handmade products.
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Soviet Anti-Alcohol Poster

Soviet Anti-Alcohol Poster. No!

Soviet Anti-Alcohol Poster. No!

Soviet Anti-Alcohol Poster
The struggle with alcoholism began with the arrival of Soviet power. In December 1917, the Soviet government extended the ban on the sale of vodka. December 19, 1919 the Council of People’s Commissars of the RSFSR adopted a decree signed by Lenin – “On the Prohibition of the manufacture and sale of alcohol, spirits and alcohol-containing substances on territory of the country”, providing stricter measures: at least 5 years of imprisonment with confiscation of property.
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Soviet artist Yuri Kugach 1917–2013

The hostess. 1970. Oil. Soviet artist Yuri Kugach

The hostess. 1970. Oil. Soviet artist Yuri Kugach

Soviet artist Yuri Kugach (1917–2013) – Winner of the Stalin Prize of the second degree (1950), People’s Artist of the USSR (1977), member of the USSR Academy of Arts (1975). In 1936 he graduated from Moscow art school of memory of 1905, in 1942 – the Moscow State Academy of Fine Arts named after Surikov; in 1945 – post-graduate studies. In 1948-1951 he taught at the Academy. His works are kept in the State Tretyakov Gallery, the art museums of Nizhny Novgorod, Rostov, Omsk, Kiev, Kharkov, Lvov and others. Kugach had excellent teachers: Nikolay Krymov, Igor Grabar. Kugach was one of the favorite students of Sergei Vasilievich Gerasimov.
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Soviet photojournalist Ivan Shagin

Soviet photojournalist Ivan Shagin. Comrade Stalin is greeted by the young pioneers. 1935

Comrade Stalin is greeted by the young pioneers. 1935. Photo by Soviet photojournalist Ivan Shagin (1904 ̵ 1982)

Soviet photojournalist Ivan Shagin (1904-1982) became one of the leading photojournalists of the USSR by the end of the 1930s. He was shooting war time from the first to the last day, as a front line photo correspondent of “Komsomolskaya Pravda”. His photo chronicles include genre scenes on the streets of Moscow with the announcement on the radio about the treacherous attack of Nazi Germany to the hoisting of the Victory Banner at the dome of the Reichstag. He photographed major combat operations on almost all fronts. Since 1950, Ivan Shagin worked in publishing houses “Izogiz”, “Soviet Artist”, “Art”, “Progress”, APN Novosti, and “Pravda”. He was awarded the Order of the Patriotic War of II degree, and several medals of the USSR.
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Soviet poster artist Igor Aksenov

Che. Soviet poster artist Igor Aksenov

Che. Soviet poster artist Igor Aksenov

Few people know that the Lenin Komsomol Prize award in the arts, among hundreds of professional artists, its winners, was once given to a non-professional artist from Siberia. This artist was Igor Aksenov – representative of the Novosibirsk State University. Alongside with the Lenin Komsomol Prize, he was awarded the highest award of the Soviet Peace Committee – an honorary medal “Fighter for Peace”, as well as a silver medal of the All-Union Agricultural Exhibition of the USSR (1985, 1986) and the Medal of Honor of the World Peace Council (1984). Soviet poster artist Igor Aksenov was a member of the Soviet Committee for Solidarity with Latin America. His posters are really very popular. They have become collectors’ items among the wide range of fans around the world. The number of exhibitions of his work has been enormous. To name the exact number and venue is not possible, especially abroad, as along with a few officials, there was a set of spontaneous, organized by fans of his work. They are devoted to topical political issues – the issue of disarmament, the fight against the aggressive aspirations of the imperialist forces and solidarity with the peoples fighting for their national and social liberation.
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