Composer Dmitry Shostakovich (25 September 1906 – 9 August 1975). Outstanding figures of Soviet art Heroes of Socialist Labor
Outstanding figures of Soviet art Heroes of Socialist Labor
This publication features the outstanding figures of Soviet art – theater, music, ballet, cinema, and fine arts – awarded the title of Hero of Socialist Labor. Established by the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR eighty years ago – on December 27, 1938 – the title of Hero of Socialist Labor, the highest degree of labor difference, was appropriated to Soviet people for particularly outstanding services contributing to the rise of the national economy. They are people of science and culture who selflessly served their homeland. They brought the glory to the USSR with their skill and talent.
Of course, it’s impossible to talk about each of them in one publication. However, I want to begin with Dmitry Dmitrievich Shostakovich. He was a brilliant composer-symphonist, a unique artist-communist, who possessed an exceptional musical-figurative skill. Doctor of Arts, Professor, an outstanding public figure, he was a People’s Artist USSR – the people in the full meaning of this word. An innovative musician, who expanded the boundaries of the use of musical expressive means. At the same time, he is the direct heir of Russian classical musical genius. It was in this capacity that he received world recognition.
The famous portrait of Dmitry Shostakovich, shot secretly from the great composer. Outstanding figures of Soviet art Heroes of Socialist Labor
Dmitry Dmitrievich was simple, attentive to needs of other people and a sympathetic person. All these wonderful human qualities came from the glorious traditions of his family, which belonged to the Russian revolutionary intelligentsia.
In the spring of 1917, there was an important event that left the deepest trace in the life of Dmitry Dmitrievich. Together with his friends, Dmitry Shostakovich was at the Finland Station on April 3 and saw and heard Lenin for the first time. Impression of this meeting, the image of the leader of a great revolution, he repeatedly tried to convey in his writings. In 1960, he became a member of the Communist Party.
In 1941, while in besieged Leningrad, Shostakovich created the famous Seventh Symphony, called the Leningrad Symphony. For the first time, performed in the difficult years of the war, it literally shocked the listeners with a patriotic idea, emotional power and high optimism.
Awarded the International Lenin Prize “For Strengthening Peace Among Peoples”, Lenin and six State Prizes of the USSR. For many years he headed the Union of Composers and repeatedly became the deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR and the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR.
In the postwar years, D. D. Shostakovich became an honorary member of the Royal Academy of Music of England and an honorary doctor of Oxford University, the Swedish Royal Academy of Music, the American Academy of Sciences, the Academy of Arts of the German Democratic Republic, etc. This was the Hero of Socialist Labor, Dmitri Dmitrievich Shostakovich.
Meanwhile, among all figures of Soviet art – Heroes of Socialist Labor, there is one feature that brings them together. This feature is their citizenship, patriotism, the national pride inherent in the Soviet people, which is deeper and wider than the natural national feelings of each of the peoples that make up the USSR.
Millions of people both in the city and village became involved in the art of theater, music, painting, and cinematography. The fundamental principles of socialist aesthetics- a true opportunity to serve the millions of working people who, as Lenin repeatedly stressed, “make up the color of the country, its strength, its future.”
The Soviet era was a heroic era. These people have created an unprecedented socialist society and were building the path to the communist future of mankind. Among the awarded Hero of Socialist Labor – outstanding figures of our theatrical art – directors and actors; the most prominent figures of musical culture – composers, conductors, pianists and violinists, masters of choreography; famous artists – painters and sculptors.
Outstanding figures of Soviet art Heroes of Socialist Labor
Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Deyneka (May 20, 1899 – June 12, 1969), painter, graphic artist and sculptor
Aleksandr Grigoryevich Zarkhi (18 February 1908 – 27 January 1997), film director, screenwriter, and playwright
Alexander Vasilyevich Sveshnikov (1890-1980), conductor, choirmaster, teacher, public figure
Alexey Nikolayevich Gribov (January 31, 1902 – November 26, 1977) Soviet actor
Alla Konstantinovna Tarasova (6 February 1898 – 5 April 1973), actress
Anatoli Grigorievich Novikov (30 October 1896 – 24 September 1984), composer, a choral conductor and a political activist
Angelina Iosifovna Stepanova (1905-2000), actress and teacher
Aram Ilyich Khachaturian (6 June 1903 – 1 May 1978), Soviet Armenian composer and conductor
Boris Alexandrovich Alexandrov (August 4, 1905 – June 17, 1994), composer
Boris Andreyevich Babochkin (18 January 1904 – 17 July 1975) film and theatre actor and director
Boris Petrovich Chirkov (13 August 1901 – 28 May 1982), actor
Dmitry Borisovich Kabalevsky (30 December 1904 – 14 February 1987), a composer
Elena Gogoleva (7 April 1900 – 15 November 1993), actress
Emil Grigoryevich Gilels (19 October 1916 – 14 October 1985), a pianist
Eugen Kapp (13 May 1908 – 29 October 1996), Estonian composer
Galina Sergeyevna Ulanova (8 January 1910 – 21 March 1998), ballet dancer
Gara Abulfaz oghlu Garayev (February 5, 1918 – May 13, 1982), Soviet Azerbaijani composer
Georgy Vasilyevich Sviridov (December 16, 1915 – January 6, 1998), neoromantic composer
Grigori Vasilyevich Aleksandrov (23 January 1903 – 16 December 1983), film director
Grigory Romanovich Shirma (1892-1978), Soviet Belarusian choral conductor, composer, teacher
Gustav Ernesaks (12 December 1908 – 24 January 1993), Estonian composer and a choir conductor
Igor Vladimirovich Ilyinsky (24 July 1901 – 13 January 1987), actor, director and comedian
Kamil Yarmatovich Yarmatov (1903-1978), Soviet and Tajik actor, film director, screenwriter
Lev Nikolayevich Revutsky (February 20, 1889 – March 30, 1977), a composer, teacher, and activist
Lilita Davydovna Priede-Berzina (1903-1983) – Soviet Latvian actress
Mikhail Ivanovich Tsaryov (December 1, 1903 — November 10, 1987) theater and film actor, master of the artistic word
Mikhail Ivanovich Zharov (27 October 1899 – 15 December 1981), actor
Mikhail Vasilievich Kupriyanov (October 21, 1903 – November 11, 1991), the artist
Nadezhda Sergeevna Nadezhdina (1908-1979), ballet dancer, choreographer
Natalia Mihailovna Uzhviy (1898-1986), actress
Nikolai Mikhailovich Zinoviev (1888-1979), painter, master of the Palekh lacquer miniature
Nikolai Sokolov (8 July 1903 – April 15, 2000), Soviet artist, Kukruniksy
Nikolay Simonov (December 4, 1901 – April 20, 1973), actor
Roman Lazarevich Karmen (29 November 1906 – 28 April 1978), camera-man and film director
Seraly (Serke) Kozhamkulov (1896-1979) – Kazakh actor
Sergei Appolinarievich Gerasimov (21 May 1906 – 26 November 1985), film director and screenwriter
Sergei Iosifovich Yutkevich (28 December 1904 – 24 April 1985), film director and screenwriter
Sergey Timofeyevich Konenkov (10 July 1874 – 9 December 1971), sculptor
Sergey Vladimirovich Obraztsov (5 July 1901 – 8 May 1992), puppeteer
Soviet artist Boris Ioganson 1893-1973
Stanislav Filippovich Lyudkevich (January 24, 1879 – September 10, 1979) a composer, theorist, teacher
Sviatoslav Teofilovich Richter (March 20 1915 – August 1, 1997), a pianist
Tikhon Nikolayevich Khrennikov (10 June 1913 – 14 August 2007), composer, pianist
Vardan Mkrtchi Ajemian (June 4, 1905 – January 24, 1977), Soviet Armenian theatrical director and actor
Vasily Illyich Kasiyan (1 January 1896 – 26 June 1976), artist
Vasily Pavlovich Solovyov-Sedoi (25 April 1907 – 2 December 1979), composer and songwriter
Yevgeny Iosifovich Gabrilovich (29 September 1899 – 6 December 1993), screenwriter
Yevgeny Viktorovich Vuchetich (28 December 1908–12 April 1974), sculptor
Yuli Yakovlevich Raizman (December 15, 1903 – December 11, 1994), film director and screenwriter
Yuri Alexandrovich Zavadsky (30 June 1894 – 5 April 1977), actor and director
Yuri Vladimirovich Tolubeyev (May 1, 1906 – December 28, 1979), actor
Zair Isaakovich Azgur (1908-1995), Belarusian sculptor
Igor Alexandrovich Moiseyev (21 January 1906 – 2 November 2007), choreographer
Lado Gudiashvili (March 18, 1896 – July 20, 1980), Georgian painter
Mark Semyonovich Donskoy (6 March 1901 – 21 March 1981), film director
Yevgeny Aleksandrovich Mravinsky (4 June 1903 – 19 January 1988), conductor