Soviet Art

USSR Culture

Soviet Tatar artist Haris Yakupov

Soviet Tatar artist Haris Yakupov

Soviet Tatar artist Haris Yakupov (1919-2010)

Soviet Tatar artist Haris Yakupov (1919-2010) was the author of historical and genre paintings, portraits, landscapes. He was an academician of the Russian Academy of Arts (1997, Corresponding Member (1973), People’s Artist of the USSR (1980), deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR (1971-1974), the winner of the third degree of the Stalin Prize (1951) and RSFSR State Prize of Repin (1976). Haris Abdrahmanovich Yakupov was born December 23, 1919 in Kazan. The desire to draw appeared at an early age: he copied his favorite pictures from magazines and books, sold his paintings at a local market, helping his large family. Once in the street, he saw an artist at the easel, and realized that this is his calling. He easily passed the exams and entered the Kazan Art School.

War time sketch

War time sketch by Soviet Tatar artist Haris Yakupov

In January 1940, the fifth year student Yakupov, with another ten fellow students were drafted into the army. Despite the fact he was in the army, his last sketches allowed him to pass final exams and graduate from the Kazan Art School in 1940. The career of an artist was interrupted – the war began. Haris Yakupov went to the front to defend the homeland, like most of his peers, joined the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.

Field bag, self-made album and pencils of the artist during the WWII

Field bag, self-made album and pencils of the artist during the WWII

July 22, 1941 a young fighter Haris Yakupov has already participated in the battle. The ability to engage in at least sporadically painting appeared only in December 1941. First, he drew only at night, taking minutes of sleep, but fellow soldiers, seeing his pictures, supported the young artist, and Yakupov began painting portraits of fighters. These portraits were sent home, to their relatives and friends. In his field bag was always ready a homemade album and a pencil.

War time sketches by Soviet Tatar artist Haris Yakupov

War time sketches by Soviet Tatar artist Haris Yakupov

Preserved about 250 drawings, they are now the priceless artistic and documentary evidence of wartime. In the spring of 1944, when the 60th Army stormed Ternopol, in the dugout for soldiers appeared General Chernyakhovsky. When Yakupov was reporting about the fighting positions, Chernyakhovsky saw next to the map, on the desk – his drawings. Having looked through them, he said, that this self-made album contains great strength. General’s words have inspired the artist and proved prophetic for him. Subsequently, often in difficult moments of life Yakupov recalled the words of the commander of combat.

Front-line roads

Front-line roads. Painting by Soviet Tatar artist Haris Yakupov

Yakupov’s front-line roads passed through Battle of Stalingrad, Kursk Bulge, Lvov, Poland, Germany and Czechoslovakia. He was awarded the Order of the Patriotic War II degree, the Red Star and the medal “For Service in Battle”. Victory Day Yakupov met in Prague, and then was to return home to his native Kazan. Veteran of the Great Patriotic War, he had many military awards – from the medal “For Service in Battle” to the Order of the Red Star.

Portrait of Devyatayev. Oil on canvas. 1964 - 1971

Portrait of Devyatayev. Oil on canvas. 1964 – 1971. Painting by Soviet Tatar artist Haris Yakupov

After demobilization in 1946, he became a member of the Union of Artists of the USSR. From 1948 to 1952 he taught at the Kazan Art School. From 1951 to 1975 he served as chairman of the Union of Artists of the Tatar ASSR. From 1976 to 2007 he headed the creative workshop of the Academy of Arts of Russia in Kazan.

Chelninsky beauty. 1975. Oil on canvas

Chelninsky beauty. 1975. Oil on canvas. Painting by Soviet Tatar artist Haris Yakupov

During his long artistic career Haris Yakupov created more than 300 works, including 20 large-scale paintings and over 200 drawings. Significant and most valuable work the artist has decided to donate to the capital of Tatarstan. Some works of H. Yakupov are at the State Tretyakov Gallery and the Russian Museum of Eastern cultures. His work has been exhibited in Finland, China, USA, Korea, France, Bulgaria, Germany, Poland and others.

Interesting fact – in the large family of Haris Yakupov 14 artists! including his wife and sons. Soviet Tatar artist Haris Yakupov died on February 17, 2010 in Kazan. Buried at the Arsk cemetery.

Soviet Tatar artist Haris Yakupov

sources:
website art16.ru,
illustrated album Youth of Country, Soviet artist, Moscow 1978