Soviet Art

USSR Culture

Soviet painter Victor Tsyplakov

Soviet painter Victor Tsyplakov. (1915-1986), Lenin. 1947. Oil on canvas. The Central Lenin Museum

Soviet painter Victor Tsyplakov (1915-1986). Vladimir Lenin. 1947. Oil on canvas. The Central Lenin Museum

Soviet painter Victor Tsyplakov (1915-1986) – Corresponding Member of the USSR Academy of Arts (1967), People’s Artist of the RSFSR (1975), twice winner of the Stalin Prize of the second degree (1950) for his painting “The advanced people of Moscow in Kremlin” (collective work with other prominent Soviet artists) and a series of other paintings. Popularity to Tsyplakov brought his work “Gorky on the Volga” (1945), “V. Lenin” (1947), “The interrogation of Zoya Kosmodemyanskaya” (1945). He was one of the few artists who was allowed to make sketches at funeral of Stalin in 1953. Solo exhibitions of artworks of Victor Tsyplakov were held in 1956, 1986 and 2007 in Moscow. His works are in the State Tretyakov Gallery, the Russian Museum, as well as the major museums of the former USSR.

Soviet painter Victor Tsyplakov (1915-1986). Great night. Fragment 1969—1970. Oil

Soviet painter Victor Tsyplakov (1915-1986). Great night. Fragment 1969—1970. Oil

Victor Grigorievich Tsyplakov was born in 1915 in the village of Burminki of Ryazan region. In 1942 he graduated from the Moscow State Academic Art Institute named after VI Surikov, where he studied at workshops of Igor Grabar, SV Gerasimov, VV Pochitalov, GM Shegal. In 1957 Tsyplakov was appointed head of personal workshop in his native Institute. Since 1962 – Professor, corresponding Member of the USSR Academy of Arts (1967). Among his students – a number of famous artists, such as People’s artists of Russia VB Tautiev, NN Solomin, and VG Kubarev.

The advanced people of Moscow in Kremlin

Fragment of painting “The advanced people of Moscow in Kremlin”, created by the team of Soviet artists S. Dudnik, V. Efanov, Yu. Kugach, K. Maksimov and Victor Tsyplakov. 1949

Soviet painter Victor Tsyplakov died in 1986. He was buried in Moscow at the Vagankovsky cemetery.

Viktor Tsyplakov. At the Oka. 1970. oil

Viktor Tsyplakov. At the Oka. 1970. oil

Son of a village blacksmith, 18-year-old Tsyplakov for the first time saw the reproduction of a drawing by Leonardo da Vinci in the printing college, he surprisingly fast became a mature master. Already in the diploma work “V.I.Chapaev” (1942), painted in a traditional genre of subject painting, the artist managed to depict light that pervades the entire image. The picture gives you a feeling of plein air “freshness” – the quality not characteristic of the Soviet art of 1940-50-ies.

Among the works of Tsyplakov – landscape, portrait, genre, thematic painting. And none of the genre can be called at random in his creative biography. Referring to the military theme – the painting “Zoya Kosmodemyanskaya. (Interrogation)” is based on a comparison of the dark, these fascists silhouette figures and brightly lit figure of a girl entering the room. Her abrupt movement forward, to meet fate, confusing enemies. The artist in this work expressly disclaims any lights except the lamp light, creating an atmosphere of airless, dramatic tension. The painting became iconic in the history of Soviet art.

Soviet painter Victor Tsyplakov (1915-1986)

Soviet painter Victor Tsyplakov (1915-1986)

Soviet painter Victor Tsyplakov

Sources: images scanned from Soviet magazines Ogonyok, Soviet Art, Young artist (1986), illustrated albums of All Union exhibitions