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Soviet Era Monumental Fountain Golden Sheaf

Soviet Era Monumental Fountain Golden Sheaf

Soviet Era Monumental Fountain Golden Sheaf

Soviet Era Monumental Fountain Golden Sheaf
Golden Sheaf monumental Fountain, also known as “Friendship of Peoples of the USSR” was created by the architect-artist KT Topuridze, engineer VI Klyavin and teams of sculptors Z. Bazhenova, AI Tenet, IM Chaikov, ZV Ryleyeva and VP Gavrilov. It was opened in 1954. The initial project was called The Main Fountain, but in project documentation of 1953-1954 was also called “Golden Sheaf”. And finally, since 1954, it’s official name has become “Friendship of Peoples”, however, some sources sometimes use the name “Friendship of Peoples of the USSR.” The Golden Sheaf Fountain, first of all, fascinates with its size and outright luxury. Pool of fountain – an elongated octagon with internal dimensions for the major axis of 81 m and a minor axis – 56 m. By the way, to completely bypass the octagonal fountain, one will have to pass 170 meters and an area of 3.5 thousand square meters.

Golden Sheaf is literally gold, fountain of Peoples Friendship, the USSR

Golden Sheaf is literally gold, fountain of Peoples Friendship, the USSR. Soviet Era Monumental Fountain Golden Sheaf

Center of the composition is a huge golden sheaf, around which are the dancing girls, symbolizing the friendship of many peoples of the USSR. Sheaf has a height of 7.4 meters, is made of copper sheets by punch through metal forms. Stepped granite base of the fountain, which in terms is reminiscent of the flower, gradually turns into a giant bowl-shaped sheaf, sunflowers and hemp. Statues of girls are made of bronze and covered with gold leaf. Beneath them the granite pedestals.

Fountain of Friendship of Peoples Mira Avenue, the All-Union Exhibition Center, Ostankino, the North-Eastern District, Moscow

Fountain of Friendship of Peoples. Soviet Era Monumental Fountain Golden Sheaf. Mira Avenue, the All-Union Exhibition Center, Ostankino, the North-Eastern District, Moscow

Fountain Bowl has an oval shape: overlooking the main pavilion party is actually 1/3 wider than the lateral (81 by 56 meters). Right under the sheaf of the fountain is a pump station. Its room is connected by an underground passage to the pavilion of the RSFSR. Initially, the hydraulic unit of the fountain could provide work of 800 jets, which patterns could change the overall composition of buildings, creating a complex pattern.

Golden sculptures of girls symbolizing republics of the USSR stand in circle as a part of the main Soviet Monumental Fountain 'Golden Sheaf'

Golden sculptures of girls symbolizing republics of the USSR stand in circle as a part of the main Soviet Monumental Fountain ‘Golden Sheaf’

Also interesting is the order of 16 statues of women – republics. The number of the former republics of the Soviet Union at the time of the fountain (until 1956) was sixteen. But later, the 16th Karelian – Finnish republic entered the RSFSR. Russia stands in the center overlooking the main hall, on the right and left of it – Ukraine and Belarus. The other republics stand according to a special order, which coincides the list of the republics in the Act of 25 February 1947 “On amendments and additions to the text of the Constitution (Fundamental Law) of the USSR”. Republic were distributed quite rightly – by population. Thus, the least populated Republics are on the reverse side of the fountain, away from the entrance. And the visitors coming from the main pavilion, meet the statues of “main” republics.

Monumental Fountain Golden Sheaf

Monumental Fountain Golden Sheaf

More than one generation of young Muscovites (and adult guests) tries to guess what republic the sculpture symbolizes. Very fun. All the girls are in a national dress. To guess correctly, you need to have a good understanding of ethnography suit.

Those women, too, can help solve this puzzle – for five sculptors posed 16 beautiful women of all 16 nationalities. But, unfortunately, now we know the names of only three of them: the Estonian ballerina Virve Kiple-Parsadanyan, Turkmen pianist Gozel Annamamedova and the beautiful Georgian Rodam Amirejibi.

Soviet Era Monumental Fountain Golden Sheaf

Soviet Era Monumental Fountain Golden Sheaf

Another mystery – woman holds in her hands the agricultural plant, which is most often grown in the fields of her native republic. It is known that the first figures were not to be gold. But, as the story goes, Stalin was surprised: “Do we not have enough gold for our girls?”. And then Beria personally signed a decree to allocate from the state storage 3.5 kg of gold for the application of gold leaf.

Estonian SSR

Estonian SSR

Estonian SSR. Preserved memories of Estonian ballerina Virve Kiple-Parsadanyan how her, a student of Moscow University, invited to the dean’s office and instructed to pose for one of the sculptors who worked on the fountain. The girl wears national costume of Muhu – the third largest island in Estonia.

Soviet Era Monumental Fountain Golden Sheaf