Soviet artist Yuri Mikhailovich Neprintsev 1909-1996
Soviet artist Yuri Mikhailovich Neprintsev
His most famous work is the painting “Rest after the battle,” for which he was awarded the Stalin Prize of the first degree in 1952. After the war began, the artist volunteered for the front, served in the fighter battalion and active units of the Red Banner Baltic Fleet, and participated in the defense of Leningrad. Therefore, the picture reflects his personal observations and experiences. In addition, the famous poem by A. Tvardovsky “Vasily Turkin” influenced Neprintsev. Meanwhile, Soviet authorities presented the original of the painting “Rest after the battle” to the head of the People’s Republic of China Mao Zedong. And one of the versions, also created by Neprintsev, is in the Tretyakov Gallery.
Soviet painter, graphic artist, teacher, professor, Academician of the Academy of Arts of the USSR, People’s Artist of the USSR, Yuri Mikhailovich Neprintsev was a laureate of the Stalin Prize of the first degree.
In the post-war years, Yuri Neprintsev created a series of paintings dedicated to the heroic struggle of the Soviet people against fascist Germany: The Last Grenade (1948), Liza Chaikina (1949), Rest after the Battle (1951), and The Story of the Father (1955).
Born August 15, 1909 in Tiflis in the family of engineer M.N. Neprintsev, Yuri was the second son. The family of the Neprincevs had a large library, in which there were many books on the history of art. The walls of their small apartment decorated lithographs from old masters paintings. Favorite artists in the family of the Neprincevs were IE Repin, II Levitan, and KE Makovsky.
The school in which from 1921 to 1925 the future artist studied, was unusual. It had a drama club, and it had its own publishing house, which produced manuscript “books” in a single copy. Besides, took place literary debates, for example, “On Pushkin and Mayakovsky.” Considered the “main artist” of the school drama club, Yu. Neprintsev participated in all kinds of “extra-curricular” work – he made scenery for performances, drew cartoons and class wall newspapers. Once, one of their stage performances “Noble’s Nest” – even visited the People’s Commissar of Education, AV Lunacharsky with his wife.
In his childhood, his passion for drawing led him to the studio of the artist B. Fogel in the Tbilisi House of the Red Army. In fact, Neprintsev began participating in exhibitions of Soviet art while still a student, since 1928. In the 1926-30 he attended the studio of Academician VE Savinsky in Leningrad. Then, studied at the painting department of the Leningrad Institute of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture, workshops of P.S. Naumov, A. Lyubimov, and V.Serov (1934-1938). He graduated from the institute, I. Brodsky’s workshop, the diploma painting – “A. Pushkin in the village of Mikhailovskoye”. However, he decided to continue his education at the graduate school of the Institute of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture, under the direction of RR Frenz and B.V. Ioganson.
One of his first thematic paintings, “Conclusion of a contract for socialist competition” (1939), he created directly from nature in the shops of the Kirov plant, without preliminary studies. Thus he tried to convey a living, direct impression of the event, as if accidentally seen in life.
Already in 1940 he became a member of the Leningrad branch of the Union of Soviet Artists. And at the beginning of the Great Patriotic War, he volunteered for the front.
Neprintsev worked extensively in the technique of lithography and book graphics. He created a famous series “We came to defend Leningrad” (1948), illustrations for the novel by V. Hugo “The Workers of the Sea” (1950), “Stories of the Sea” by K. M. Stanyukovich (1951) and others.
From 1948 to 1996, Yuri Neprintsev taught at the Institute of Fine Arts named after IE Repin, as a professor (1954), head of the personal workshop. Corresponding member of the Academy of Arts of the USSR (1953). Full member of the Academy of Arts of the USSR (1970).
Among the students of Yuri Neprintsev are the artists LA Rusov, E. V. Kozlov, I. M. Varichev, E. M. Kostenko, M. A. Kaneev, A. Pushnin, Yu. S. Ershov and other well-known painters.
Soviet artist Yuri Mikhailovich Neprintsev
Illustrated album “Yuri Neprintsev”. Moscow, 1954. Publishing house “Soviet Artist”
Soviet Art 1917-1967. Illustrated album. 1968