Soviet Art

USSR Culture

Soviet artist Boris Domashnikov

Soviet artist Boris Domashnikov (Ufa) Red Square celebration. Oil. 1975-1977

Soviet artist Boris Domashnikov (Ufa). Red Square celebration. Oil. 1975-1977

Soviet artist Boris Domashnikov (1924 – 2003) – People’s Artist of the USSR, corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Arts (1997), an honorary citizen of the city of Ufa (1994). Boris Fyodorovich Domashnikov was born April 5, 1924 in the village of Krigouzovo of the Ivanovo region in a peasant family. The family had five children. In 1935 the family moved to Ufa. In Ufa, the family lived on the outskirts of the city. During the war, the military enlistment office refused to take him to the front because of poor health and Domashnikov worked in an art studio – drew slogans, posters, soldiers’ funeral tablets.

Soviet artist Boris Domashnikov (Ufa). Ice drift. 1981. Oil on canvas

Soviet artist Boris Domashnikov (Ufa). Ice drift. 1981. Oil on canvas

In 1945, Domashnikov enters the Ufa theater and art school. In 1950, after graduating from college he teaches painting and drawing at school, works as a decorator in Ufa puppet theater. Since 1953 participates in exhibitions in Ufa (1953), Moscow (1954), Salavat (1966), Leningrad (1972), France, England, Holland (1976), Japan, East Germany, Poland, Hungary (1977).

May. Birch wood. 1960. oil on canvas

May. Birch wood. 1960. oil on canvas

In the 1960s, the artist travels to Italy, where he studied ancient scripts, was in Samarkand, Novgorod, Pskov, Rostov Veliky. In 1975 he was awarded the title “People’s Artist of the RSFSR” and in 1982 – “People’s Artist of the USSR.”

The son of the artist – Viktor Borisovich Domashnikov (b. 1956), is also a well-known artist. Art works of Boris Domashnikov are in many museums (40) and private collections, including the State Tretyakov Gallery, the Academy of Arts, the State Museum of Oriental Art, National Museum of the Republic of Bashkortostan in Ufa, the Bashkir State Art Museum named after Mikhail Nesterov, Sevastopol Art Museum and others.

Among his best known paintings: Under Ufa. Spring (1954), Ohlebinino (1954), Spring in Pskov (1959), Birch wood (1960), Twilight (1960), Pskov, Blue Day (1969), The Tale of the Urals (1974), Landscape with the train (1981), a series of paintings “Moscow. Red Square”, a series of works “In the Southern Urals.”

Soviet artist Boris Domashnikov (1924 - 2003)

Soviet artist Boris Domashnikov (1924 – 2003)

“I do not think our time was in vain. Can I not be grateful to our time (Soviet time), if it has given to me, a peasant’s son, the ability to be an artist, opened the art of Mikhail Nesterov, Levitan, Filippo Lippi”. BF Domashnikov

Soviet artist Boris Domashnikov was awarded Medal “For Distinguished Labor” (1955), Silver Medal of the 6th World Festival of Youth and Students in Moscow (1957), Order “Badge of Honor” (1967), Medal “For Valiant Labor. To commemorate the 100th anniversary of Vladimir Lenin’s birth” (1970), Gold medal of the Russian Academy of Arts, Salavat Yulaev Prize for 1977 “for the series of paintings of Lenin”, “Red Square”, “August in Bashkiria”, “Ural tale”, “Spring Again”.

Soviet artist Boris Domashnikov

sources:
scanned images – Soviet magazines Young Artist, Ogonyok
hallart.ru
Illustrated album “Art Museum of the Uzbek SSR. Painting”. Aurora Art Publishers. Leningrad. 1975